Meeting Notes

 



Here are notes, Web links, and videos from our meetings:




Subject/Title Meeting
& Date

For basic general instructions on how prepare "target" files and/or folders in your Windows.. computer so that other computers that are connected to the same router can access your "target" shared files and/or folders,
see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/FileSharing/0-prep-file-or-folder-sharing-in-Win.pdf

For basic general instructions on how to use a "Windows.. " computer
to access files and/or folders that are shared from another "Windows.." computer that is connected to the same router,

see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/FileSharing/1-basics-share-Win.pdf

For basic general instructions on how to use a "Linux" computer
to access files and/or folders that are shared from a "Windows.." computer,
and vice versa,

see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/FileSharing/2-share-files-Win-and-Linux.pdf

For step-by-step instructions on how to use a "Windows XP" computer to access files and/or folders that are shared from a "Windows 10" computer,
see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/FileSharing/3-XP-access-Win10-share.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-07-2018
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
Feb. 24, 2018


For our advice on
Troubleshooting Printer Problems in a "Windows.." computer:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/printers/printer-fix-win.pdf

For our advice on
Troubleshooting Printer Problems in a "MacOS" computer:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/printers/printer-fix-mac.pdf

Issues and Workarounds for Setting Up Printers:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/printers/printers--workarounds.pdf

If you are unable to make changes to a printer in a printer inside "Devices and Printers"
in Windows 7, 8.1, or 10, locate and click on the "Change Properties" button for the printer:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/printers/Change-Properties-button-Win.pdf

If your printer is backed up with a stack of print jobs, here is a procedure
for you to clear out the pile of pending print jobs
in a Windows.. computer:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/printers/Print-queue-win.pdf




General Meeting
of the
Wisconsin All-Computer Users Club
on
07-05-2018
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
04-28-2018
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
01-02-2013


TO DETERMINE IF YOUR EXISTING WINDOWS 10.. COMPUTER CAN RUN "WINDOWS 11.."
download and run
Microsoft's free "PC Health Check" app at
https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/windows-11#pchealthcheck

A FIRST LOOK AT "WINDOWS 11"
A logical step-by-step introduction to the basics of "Windows 11"
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win11/Win11basics.pdf

Windows 11's improvements over "Windows 10" are explained at
https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/windows-11
and
https://www.cnet.com/tech/computing/windows-11-beta-download-new-features-device-compatibility-price-and-more-explained




"Early Use of Wi-Fi 6E" is a description of our struggles to use the new 6 Gigahertz frequencies for "Windows 10" computers and newly-introduced Wi-Fi routers:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi/Wi-Fi-6E-early-use.pdf

After 6 months of trial-and-error, we have were finally able to do the following:
We used a Windows 10 Home version 21H1 computer to make a 6-Gigahertz "Wi-Fi 6E" connection to a Linksys Hydra Pro 6E Tri-Band Mesh WiFi 6E Router.
We used a Windows 10 "Windows Insiders" version 21H2 computer to make 6-Gigahertz "Wi-Fi 6E" connection to a Linksys Hydra Pro 6E Tri-Band Mesh WiFi 6E Router, an Asus ROG Rapture GT-AX11000 router, and a Netgear Nighthawk AXE11000 WiFi Router (RAXE500).
We used a Windows 11 Home "Windows Insiders" computer to make 6-Gigahertz "Wi-Fi 6E" connection to a Linksys Hydra Pro 6E Tri-Band Mesh WiFi 6E Router, an Asus ROG Rapture GT-AX11000 router, and a Netgear Nighthawk AXE11000 WiFi Router (RAXE500).
Our detailed advice for making these pioneering connections
is described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi/Win-to-Wi-Fi6E.pdf
and also at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi/Linksys-Hydra-rtr-to-Win10.pdf



The Wi-Fi Alliance's certifications process for "Wi-fi 6E" 6 Gigahertz RF band products
as they move from development to actual retail shipments.

See
http://aztcs/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi6E-certifications.pdf

Wi-Fi 6E will alleviate RF congestion by providing new channels in the 6 Gigahertz radio band:
http://aztcs/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi6E.pdf

Wi-Fi 6 versus Wi-Fi 5 versus 802.11n versus Gigabit Ethernet:
http://aztcs/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi6vs5vs4vsGigEnet.pdf



Measuring Wi-Fi Coverage and Speeds in Your Local Network:

To download and install the free "NetSpot Free Edition" for a "Windows" or "MacOS" computer,
use a Web browser to go to

http://www.netspotapp.com/netspotpro.html
Then scroll or page-down to get to the free edition of "Netspot..s".

To download and install the free "Acrylic WiFi Home" analysis program for a "Windows.." computer,
use a Web browser to go to
https://www.acrylicwifi.com/en/wlan-wifi-wireless-network-software-tools/wlan-scanner-acrylic-wifi-free/
The "Tarlogic" company is located in Spain so their Web site defaults to Spanish.
If and when your Web browser displays a "Translate" button, click on it to convert the Spanish text
in the Web page into English.
If this does not happen, click on "EN" in the upper-right corner to convert the page content to English.
Scroll or page down.
Then click on the "Try it for free" button.

To get a more complete picture of your Wi-Fi environment in a "Windows.." computer,
you can use both the free "Acrylic WiFi Home" program AND the free "Netspot" program.
However, do not use both programs at the same time.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi/Wi-Fi-advice.pdf



Using the free "Speedtest.net" apps or Website to measure Internet Speeds
To Remediate Bottlenecks In Your Local Network:


Your broadband Internet download and upload speeds will usually be much slower than the speeds
at which the network devices on your local network run at.
However, many home and business networks have old, tired network components that bottleneck
your actual Internet speeds below what the Internet provider is providing at the broadband modem
which is actually available at the Internet "point of entry" .
To prevent the components of your local network (routers, switches, powerline links, etc.)
from bottlenecking the Internet bandwidth that your Internet Service Provider (ISP) provides you,
measure the Internet bandwidth speeds and the local area network speeds at various locations
in your Local Area Network (LAN)
as described in
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/bottlenecks/bottlenecks.pdf





Computer Pros SIG
Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
12-18-2020
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-28-2018
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
08-01-2018


Microsoft's bundled "Your Phone" app running inside Windows 10 lets you use a Windows 10 computer to completely control an Android cell phone that has the "Your Phone Companion" app running inside it.
The entire screen of your Android cell phone is displayed in the monitor of the Windows 10 computer.
******************
In a Windows 10 computer, "Your Phone" is a bundled Windows 10 app.
A "sister app" called "Your Phone Companion" is available in most Android cell phones.
**************
In most non-Samsung Android cell phones, you will find a "Your Phone Companion" app in the Apps screens.
If you do not find it in a non-Samsung Android cell phone, you can install it from the Google "Play Store" where it is listed as "Your Phone Companion" when you search for it.
**************
In recent models of Samsung cell phones, you use the bundled "Link to Windows" app to run and control the bundled "Your Phone Companion" app.
However, in recent models of Samsung cell phones, the "Your Phone" is not shown in the Apps screens, even though the bundled "Your Phone" app is installed into recent models of Samsung at the factory during the manufacturing process.
In recent models of Samsung cell phones, "Link to Windows" and "Your Phone" both show up in the Apps list in Settings where they show up as separate apps.
In a Samsung cell phone, "Link to Windows" only shows up in the "Quick Settings" screens:
To get into the Quick Settings screens of a Samsung cell phone, swipe down twice from the top of the screen.
Apparently, in recent models of Samsung cell phones, "Link to Windows" is a bundled, mandatory, and unremovable "front end" "graphical user interface" for controlling the "Your Phone" app which is also a bundled, mandatory, and unremovable but "stealth" app.
**************
Regardless of whether you have Samsung Android cell phone or a non-Samsung Android cell phone, the procedure for fixing a non-working "Your Phone" connection between an Android cell phone and a Windows 10 computer
is accurately and methodically described at
is available at
https://www.guidingtech.com/fix-windows-10-your-phone-app-not-working-issue/


Free Apps for "Windows 10" by Jere Minich
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/Minich/FreeAppsforWin10-Minich.pdf

Microsoft Defender Antivirus" by Jere Minich
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/Minich/Microsoft Defender Antivirus-Minich.pdf

Password Managers by Jere Minich
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/Minich/Password Managers-Minich.pdf



Free Up The C: Drive in "Windows 10"
us explained at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/free-up-C-drive/win10-free-up-C-drive.pdf


General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
06-21-2021


Linux Distributions: Usage Share Versus distrowatch.com "Interest Level" Rankings
are explained at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/linuxsig/Linux-usage-share.pdf



"MX Linux" has risen to the top in "Interest Level" according to "Distrowatch.com":
"MX Linux" is a "mid-weight" distribution("distro") that runs faster and is much easier to configure and use
relative to the other popular "distros" of Linux.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/linuxsig/MX-Linux/MX-Linux-basics.pdf


General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
01-18-2021


WIPING "WINDOWS.." HARD DRIVES TO PREPARE THEM FOR DONATION OR GIFTING
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/wipe-free-space/hard-drive-wiping.pdf:
If you want to give away a computer and/or it's hard drive,
you have a choice of whether to give away the hard drive with the computer.
If you decide to give away the hard drive with the computer, you have to decide if you want to give away the legal copy of Windows.. on the hard drive. If you want to give away the legal copy of Windows.. that is on a hard drive,
then you also need to remove your data files and photos and then "wipe free space"
on the hard drive to make sure that the recipient of the computer
cannot recover any data files are lurking in the "free space" of the hard drive.



The "uninstaller" wizards that are bundled with most "Desktop apps"
(that "Programs and Features" in the Control Panel utilizes to remove software)
leave all sorts of junk in both your Registry of "Windows.." and on your C: hard drive:
To do a really clean uninstall of a "desktop app" or a "Universal Windows Platform app"
in a "Windows.." computer,
use the free "Revo Uninstaller Portable" program.

See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/uninstaller/RevoUninstallerPortable.pdf


Meeting of the
PCBUG-Naples Technology User Group
on
06-17-2021
and
Windows 10 / Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
11-21-2019




"Windows 10" activation is way different from any previous version of "Windows.." products !!
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/activation/win10-activation.pdf

If you use a purchased a "Windows 10 product key" to activate a newly-installed or upgraded copy of "Windows 10",
you will still have a "Digital License".
If you use a Windows 7 or 8 or 8.1 product key to activate a newly-installed or upgraded copy of "Windows 10",
you get also get a "Digital License".

If you link your Microsoft Account to your Windows account,
you get the ability to use the "Activation Troubleshooter"
in "Windows 10" to activate after changing out your computer's motherboard.
However, you then have to log into "Windows 10" with your "Microsoft Account".
If you go back to logging into "Windows 10" with a "Local Account",
you lose your ability to use the "Windows 10 Activation Troubleshooter" to change your computer's motherboard.



Activation for product versions of "Windows.." prior to "Windows 10.." is much more complex
as explained at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/windows-activation.pdf



The activation process for "Windows 10.." differs depending on the "Product Key Channel"
that a specific copy of "Windows 10.." is sold from.
For the end-user of a "Windows 10.." computer, their are three possible "Product Key Channels":
Retail channel,
OEM_DM channel
(= "Original Equipment Manufacturer_Direct to Manufacturer")
and
OEM_COA_NSLP channel
(="Original Equipment Manufacturer_Certificate of Authenticity_Non-System Locked Pre-installation"
= "OEM System Builder")
For details on how each one of these "channels" result in an activated "instance" of "Windows 10",
see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/activation/win10-channels.pdf
where we explain that the 25-character "Activation Keys" that are stored in the Registry in "Windows 10.."
are of no actual use to the user of a "Windows 10.." computer.
For organizations that buy lots of copies of "Windows..", there are two volume licensing channels:
"Volume_MAK" channel (= "Multiple Activation Key")
and
"Volume_KMS" channel (="Key Management Services")


Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Costa Mesa
California
on
03-20-2019



Using Webcams to Spy on Something
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/webcam-using.pdf

Using Remote Access To Control Another Computer On Your Local Network
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/remote-access.pdf
Remote access is a convenient way for you to use one computer to view a Webcam
that is attached to another computer, if both computers are attached to the same router.

Using Remote Access via TightVNC's free "VNC Server" and UltraVNC's "VNC Viewer"
To Control Anther Computer On Your Local Network

is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/remote-access-VNC.pdf

Using Remote Access via Microsoft's bundled "Remote Access Protocol"
To Control Another Computer On Your Local Network

is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/remote-access-RDP.pdf

Using a Cell Phone as a Webcam for a Windows.. computer
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/cell-phone-as-cam-for-Win.pdf

Using a Cell Phone as a Webcam for a macOS computer
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/cell-phone-as-cam-for-Mac.pdf

Using Skype's Auto-Answer Capability to Communicate with your Dog, Cat, or Small Child
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/Skype-auto-answer.pdf

Using "Contacam" to Send Video Motion Alerts to your Cell Phone(s) and Email Addresses
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/Video-alerts-Contacam.pdf

Using a "Wyze Cam" to Send Video Motion Alerts,
Perform Cloud Storage of Video Motion Recordings, and To Do Local 24-hour Video Recordings

is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/Wyze-Cam.pdf


General Meeting
of the
Prescott Computer Society
on
06-12-2021
and
Meeting
of
Sterling Heights Computer Club
on
04-06-2021
and
General Meeting
of
Komputer
Enthusiasts
of
Greater
Seattle
(KEGS)

on
02-08-2016
and
Virtual Technology Conference 18
of
APCUG
on
11-07-2015
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
on
11-04-2015


A YouTube video of my attempt to present the below presentation slides to the Dayton Microcomputer Association on June 12, 2021

is available at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XLDHo_weBhY

0-Virtual Machines--An Overview
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/virtualnetworks/0-virtual-machines-overview.pdf

1-A Comparison Of Free "Virtual Machine Programs" For Your Real "Windows.." Computer
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/virtualnetworks/1-comparison-vm-programs.pdf

2-Installing Free "Virtual Machine Programs" For Your Real "Windows.." Computer
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/virtualnetworks/2-installing-vm-programs.pdf

Virtual Networks In Virtual Machine Programs
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/virtualnetworks/virtualnetworks-Windows.pdf

Copying or Moving VMware Virtual Machines
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/virtualnetworks/movingVMwareVMs.pdf

Copying or Moving VirtualBox Virtual Machines
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/virtualnetworks/movingVirtualBoxVMs.pdf

Copying or Moving Hyper-V Virtual Machines
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/virtualnetworks/movingHyper-V-VMs.pdf

Advice on Using the "Quick Create" App
that is bundled with Hyper-V

is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/virtualnetworks/QuickCreate.pdf


General Membership Meeting
of the
Dayton Microcomputer Association
on
05-25-2021
and
General Meeting
of the
Western
New York
Computer
Society

on
06-24-2014
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
05-01-2013
and
Computer
Technology
Conference

on
04-04-2013


00-Client Hyper-V: Basics and Overview
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/Hyper-V/00-Hyper-V-basics.pdf

01-Client Hyper-V: Installing the Hyper-V Virtual Machine Program
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/Hyper-V/01-InstallingHyper-V.pdf

02-Client Hyper-V: Installing "Windows 10" Enterprise Evaluation" into a Virtual Machine
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/Hyper-V/02-InstallingWin10EEintoHV.pdf

03-Client Hyper-V: Using "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation" As a Guest Operating System in a Virtual Machine
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/Hyper-V/03-UsingWin10EEinVMinHV.pdf




Using the Free "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation":
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10enteval.pdf

To extend the trial duration of "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation"
for a second 90-day time span

see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/extendingwin10eval.pdf



General Meeting
of the
Brookdale Computer
Users Group

on
10-26-2017
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
10-04-2017

WAYS TO RUN REALLY OLD SOFTWARE PROGRAMS
INSIDE YOUR "WINDOWS 10.." OR "WINDOWS 7.." COMPUTER

see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/win10/old-software.pdf



USING "VMWARE WORKSTATION PLAYER"
TO RUN A FREE, TIME-LIMITED COPY OF "WINDOWS 10.."
IN A "VIRTUAL MACHINE"
INSIDE THE FREE "VMWARE WORKSTATION PLAYER" PROGRAM
INSIDE A REAL "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER:


"Big Step 100": Install the free "VMware Workstation Player" program into a "Windows.." host computer,
see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/vmware-1-installing.pdf

"Big Step 200": Create a new "virtual machine"
by using the "VMware Workstation Player" program
,
see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/vmware-2-createVM.pdf

"Big Step 300": Install "Windows.."into a "virtual machine" ,
see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/vmware-3B-install-Win10EntEval.pdf

"Big Step 400": Install "VMware Tools" into a "Windows.." "virtual machine" ,
see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/
vmware-4B-install-VMwareTools-to-Win10.pdf




Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
03-20-2019

Using A Cell Phone to Provide a Video Camera for a Computer:

See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cell-tether-plus-cam-for-Win.pdf




Using "Skype" As a "NannyCam":
You can set up a computer with a copy of Skype that auto-answers the calls that you make
to it
as described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Skype/Skype-auto-answer.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-12-2014



"Power Over Ethernet" (PoE) technology provides for
network-attached video Web cams that install with a single Cat 5/5e/6/6a/7 cable
that transmits both wired Ethernet data and DC power to the Webcam.
For our advice on installing PoE Webcams,
see

http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/PoE-cam.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-07-2018
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
Feb. 24, 2018


USING "MEET NOW"--A NEW FEATURE IN "WINDOWS 10.."

Our explanation of how you can use the "Meet Now" feature that is now bundled into "Windows 10..
is available at
http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Meet-Now/Meet-Now.pdf



SOUND CONFIGURATION IN A "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER THAT IS RUNNING "ZOOM"

To get speaker and microphone audio working right in a Windows.. computer that is running "Zoom":
Big Step 100:
Enable/test and disable the wanted and unwanted "Playback" and "Recording" audio devices
in "Sound" in the Windows "Control Panel".
Big Step 200:
Start up the Zoom app and adjust the Windows "Volume Mixer"
to make sure that the "Zoom Meetings" volume slider is not muted.
Big Step 300:
Start up a test meeting (with just yourself in it) and use the Zoom app's audio test feature.
Step-by-step details are available at
http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/SoundwithZoom.pdf



General Meeting
of the
Madison PC Users Group
on
02-10-2021
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-06-2017


RESOLVING SOUND ISSUES IN "WINDOWS.."

"Windows 10", "Windows 8.1", and "Windows 7" computers
have many sound-enabled devices that automatically re-configure themselves as "default"
when you do not want them to do so.
Our explanation of how you can tame this "beast"
is available at
http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/win-sound.pdf

Some computer sound equipment that I recommend
is described at
http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/computer-sound-equipment.pdf



SOUND CONFIGURATION IN A "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER THAT IS RUNNING "ZOOM"

To get speaker and microphone audio working right in a Windows.. computer that is running "Zoom":
Big Step 100:
Enable/test and disable the wanted and unwanted "Playback" and "Recording" audio devices
in "Sound" in the Windows "Control Panel".
Big Step 200:
Start up the Zoom app and adjust the Windows "Volume Mixer"
to make sure that the "Zoom Meetings" volume slider is not muted.
Big Step 300:
Start up a test meeting (with just yourself in it) and use the Zoom app's audio test feature.
Step-by-step details are available at
http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/SoundwithZoom.pdf



General Meeting
of the
Madison PC Users Group
on
02-10-2021
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-06-2017


Using A Cell Phone to Provide a Video Camera for a Computer
and/or To Provide An Internet Connection for a Computer:

See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cell-tether-plus-cam-for-Win.pdf



Cell Phones Overview:

See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cell-phone-overview.pdf



Using an iPhone:

See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/iPhone-using.pdf

Using an Android phone:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/AndroidPhone-using.pdf



Cellular Service Analysis:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cellular-analysis.pdf

1. "nPerf" app to get a street-level map to show which cell carrier has 5G/4G/3G/2G service:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/5Gvs4G-maps.pdf map.pdf

2. "Cellmapper" app to determine whether your cell phone running is 5G, 4G/LTE, 3G, or 2G
(for an Android cell phone):

See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cellphonerunning5Gor4G.pdf

3. "Opensignal" app to determine the location and direction of the cell tower site that a cell phone is connected to:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/Opensignal-tower-map.pdf



Cell Phone Screenshots:
Most small cell phones let you take a photo of the entire touch-screen.
This let's you make a permanent record of what you saw on the screen at a certain point in time at a certain location.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cell-phone-screenshots



Cell Phone Navigation Apps:
Navigation and map apps are a major use for cell phone.
They rely on "Location Services" which use the GPS, cellular transceiver, and Wi-Fi transceiver
of a cell phone to pinpoint your location.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cell-phone-navigation-apps.pdf



Cell Phone to Camera Adapter:
A cell phone to camera adapter is an external add-on device that connects to your cell phone.
The adapter then provides you with a USB port that you can use to connect to a camera,
a USB-to-Ethernet adapter, or an SD/SDHC reader.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cell-phone-to-camera-adapter.pdf



Cell Phone Wallet Apps:
A wallet app lets you make both in-person "Point of Sale" purchases and online purchases.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cell-phone-wallet-apps.pdf



Print from a Cell Phone:
You can print from a cell phone to a printer that is connected to your local network:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/print-from cell phone.pdf



Tethering A Cell Phone :
If your cell phone has a "data plan", you can use it to provide an Internet connection
for a computer, a tablet, or another cell phone, or some routers.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cell-phone-tethering.pdf

You can tether an Android cell phone to another device so that it provides Internet access
for the other device if your Android cell phone has a data plan, a Wi-Fi connection to a Wi-Fi router,
or both a data plan AND a Wi-Fi connection to a Wi-Fi router.
You can only tether an "iPhone" cell phone that has a "data plan"
to provide Internet connectivity for a computer, tablet, or another cell phone.
If you "iPhone" does not have a "data plan" and it only connects to the Internet by means of Wi-Fi
to a wireless router or a "hotspot",
you cannot tether it to provide Internet connectivity for a computer, tablet, or another cell phone.



Burner Phones and Burner Phone Apps:
A "burner phone" is either a cheap, throwaway cell phone or a not-free app that gives you temporary,
no-caller-ID phone numbers for your existing cell phone.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/burner-phones.pdf




Vertical Service Codes:
"Vertical service codes" have various functions such as:
--suppress the display of your phone number at the caller ID device or cell phone of the called party
--determine the radio frequencies that your cell phone is transmitting and receiving at.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/vertical-service-codes.pdf



Cell Phone Problems:
When the call center agent of a cell phone carrier configures your new cell phone,
they can misconfigure it and turn your shiny new cell phone into a useless brick.
Therefore, you need to run a few tests of any cell phone that has been recently configured by a cell phone carrier.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cell-phone-problems.pdf



5G cellular service is enabling the tethering of Android cell phones to "Dual WAN" routers:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/routers/routers-dual-WAN.pdf



Android Cell Phones versus iPhones:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/Android-cell-phones-vs.pdf



"Sideloading" Apps into Cell Phones:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/Sideloading.pdf




EMERGING 5G TECHNOLOGY":

Ron Brown's February 8, 2020 presentation on 5G technology
is available as PDF slides at
https://apcug2.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/What-will-5G-mean-to-you-Ron-Brown-APCUG-VTC-2-8-20.pdf
and as a YouTube video at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=as8bcEnUpgM&feature=youtu.be

Francis Chao's description of 5G technology in the United States
is located at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/5G.pdf

Francis Chao's description of 5G progress in Arizona
is located at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/5G-in-Arizona.pdf

5G & 4G will co-exist in the same towers and the same cell phones during the transition:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/5G&4G-coexist.pdf


Cell Phones & Tablets Meeting
of the
Wisconsin All-computer Users Club
on
02-25-2021
and
General Meeting of the
Central Florida Computer Society
on 12-13-2020
and
Meeting of the
PCBUG-Naples Technology User Group
on 07-16-2020
and
Windows 10 / Hardware SIG of the Tucson Computer Society on 07-16-2020
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Costa Mesa,
California
on
03-20-2019


Extending USB 2, USB 3, and USB C with active extension cables:
Active USB extension cables have chipsets at the equipment end and sometimes in the middle of the cable.
These chipsets clean up and regenerate the digital USB signals to prevent errors from occuring.
If you have USB 3 devices such as
USB 3 Webcams
USB 3 flash drives
USB 3 Ethernet adapters
USB 3 over-the-air TV tuners
or cell phones that act like USB Ethernet adapters for tethering,
do not connect them to active USB 2 cables.
USB 3 devices will often cause active USB 2 extension cables to overheat.
Instead, connect USB 3 devices to active USB 3 extension cables. See
http://aztcs/meeting_notes/winhardsig/USB3/USB-extending.pdf



USB 3 extension cables work fine for extending USB 2 devices
such as USB keyboards, USB mice, USB Webcams, USB 2 flash drives, USB 2 external hard drives,
and USB 2 external hard drive enclosures with a standardized total cable length of 5 meters
written into the USB 2 standards and a standardized total cable length of 3 meters (9.8 feet)
that was originally written into the USB 2 standards.
However, for USB 3 external hard drives, USB 3 external hard drive enclosures,
and other USB 3 devices,
you will have to determine if a specific USB 3 device
works with a specific total length of USB 3 extension cable
and a specific USB 3 port on your computer or USB 3 hub.
To do so, you can use the free "USBTreeView" program to view the stablity
and signalling rate of a specific USB 3 external hard drive or a specific USB 3 hard drive enclosure.
To download "USBTreeView", go to the bottom of the Web page at
http://www.uwe-sieber.de/usbtreeview_e.html

"USBTreeView" is especially useful for detecting problems with USB 3 ports and USB 3 devices:
When you have a USB 3 device attached to a USB 3 port and the port type changes from "3.0" to "2.0"
or a USB 3 device disappears from view entirely, a failure of the attached USB 3 devices,
or the connecting USB 3 cable or the USB 3 port is imminent.
You can determined which of these three items is about to fail by substituting with a "known good" USB 3 port,
a "known good" (or shorter) USB 3 cable, or a "known good" USB 3 device.



The Wi-Fi Alliance's certifications process for "Wi-fi 6E" 6 Gigahertz RF band products
as they move from development to actual retail shipments.

See
http://aztcs/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi6E-certifications.pdf

Wi-Fi 6E will alleviate RF congestion by providing new channels in the 6 Gigahertz radio band:
http://aztcs/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi6E.pdf

Wi-Fi 6 versus Wi-Fi 5 versus 802.11n versus Gigabit Ethernet:
http://aztcs/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi6vs5vs4vsGigEnet.pdf



Measuring Wi-Fi Coverage and Speeds in Your Local Network:

To download and install the free "NetSpot Free Edition" for a "Windows" or "MacOS" computer,
use a Web browser to go to

http://www.netspotapp.com/netspotpro.html
Then scroll or page-down to get to the free edition of "Netspot..s".

To download and install the free "Acrylic WiFi Home" analysis program for a "Windows.." computer,
use a Web browser to go to
https://www.acrylicwifi.com/en/wlan-wifi-wireless-network-software-tools/wlan-scanner-acrylic-wifi-free/
The "Tarlogic" company is located in Spain so their Web site defaults to Spanish.
If and when your Web browser displays a "Translate" button, click on it to convert the Spanish text
in the Web page into English.
If this does not happen, click on "EN" in the upper-right corner to convert the page content to English.
Scroll or page down.
Then click on the "Try it for free" button.

To get a more complete picture of your Wi-Fi environment in a "Windows.." computer,
you can use both the free "Acrylic WiFi Home" program AND the free "Netspot" program.
However, do not use both programs at the same time.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi/Wi-Fi-advice.pdf



Using the free "Speedtest.net" apps or Website to measure Internet Speeds
To Remediate Bottlenecks In Your Local Network:


Your broadband Internet download and upload speeds will usually be much slower than the speeds
at which the network devices on your local network run at.
However, many home and business networks have old, tired network components that bottleneck
your actual Internet speeds below what the Internet provider is providing at the broadband modem
which is actually available at the Internet "point of entry" .
To prevent the components of your local network (routers, switches, powerline links, etc.)
from bottlenecking the Internet bandwidth that your Internet Service Provider (ISP) provides you,
measure the Internet bandwidth speeds and the local area network speeds at various locations
in your Local Area Network (LAN)
as described in
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/bottlenecks/bottlenecks.pdf





Computer Pros SIG
Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
12-18-2020
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-28-2018
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
08-01-2018


"Google accounts" and YouTube "..channels":
To make the most effective use of a YouTube channel,
you need to know the relationships between "Google accounts", Google "Brand accounts",
and the two types of YouTube "channels".
See

http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Google/Google&YouTube.pdf

East-Central Ohio Technology Users Club
on
01-17-2021
and
Columbus Computer Society
on
01-20-2021


Our how-to advice on cloning Solid State Drives (SSDs) for desktop "Windows.." computers
can be found at

http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/SSDs/SSD-cloning.pdf

"M.2 NVMe PCIe" Solid State Drives (SSDs) bring a 3 to 5-fold increase
to hard drive reads and writes
relative to legacy 2.5-in SATA SSDs at only about a 50 percent increase in price.
Our how-to explanation for these revolutionary SSDs
can be found at

http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/SSDs/SSDs.pdf



Windows../
Hardware segment of the General Meeting of
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
01-18-2021
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
06-06-2018
and
03-07-2018
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
Feb. 24, 2018



In "Windows 10..", Microsoft has gradually "deprecated" the ability for you to use "netplwiz" or "control userpasswords2" or "regedit" to make "Windows 10." log in automatically. At the present time, the only reliable way to make "Windows 10.." log in in automatically during a power-on bootup or a restart is to use Microsoft's "Autologon" utility
which can be obtained at
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sysinternals/downloads/autologon


Windows../
Hardware segment of the General Meeting of
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
01-18-2021
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
06-06-2018
and
03-07-2018
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
Feb. 24, 2018


Using the free "Google Duo" app to communicate between any two devices:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/GoogleDuo/GoogleDuo.pdf


Computer Pros SIG of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
12-18-2019


CLOUD STORAGE SERVICES
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cloudstorage/cloudstorage.pdf



USING THE "GOOGLE DRIVE" CLOUD STORAGE SERVICE
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cloudstorage/GoogleDrive.pdf

USING THE "ONEDRIVE" CLOUD STORAGE SERVICE
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cloudstorage/OneDrive.pdf

USING THE "DROPBOX" CLOUD STORAGE SERVICE
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cloudstorage/Dropbox.pdf

USING THE "BOX" CLOUD STORAGE SERVICE
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cloudstorage/Box.pdf

USING THE "SYNC.COM" CLOUD STORAGE SERVICE
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cloudstorage/Sync.com.pdf




The "uninstaller" wizards that are bundled with most "Desktop apps"
(that "Programs and Features" in the Control Panel utilizes to remove software)
leave all sorts of junk in both your Registry of "Windows.." and on your C: hard drive:
To do a really clean uninstall of a "desktop app" or a "Universal Windows Platform app"
in a "Windows.." computer,
use the free "Revo Uninstaller Portable" program.

See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/uninstaller/RevoUninstallerPortable.pdf

Meetings
of the
PC Community Computer Users Group
at
Hayward
in
California, USA
on
01-08-2021
and
07-16-2019
and
General Meeting
of
Wisconsin All-computer Users Club
of
Milwaukee
on
09-03-2020
and
Meeting of the
Under the Computer Hood Users Group
on
08-05-2020 and
Four Seasons
Computer and
Technology Club
in
Beaumont,
California
on
05-12-2020
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
05-21-2020
and
Meeting
of the
Villages Computer Club
at
Lynx Creek
at
Dewey, AZ
on
07-16-2019
and
General Meeting
of the
Sarasota Technology Users Group
on
07-10-2019
and
General Meeting
of the
Sun City
Shadow Hills
Computer Club

on
03-04-2016
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-08-2016


LEARNING RESOURCES FOR SENIORS
by Hewie Poplock

See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/2020-12-21/LearningResourcesForSeniorsTucsonComputerSociety.pdf
and
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/2020-12-21/LearningResourcesforTucsonComputerSociety.pdf
A "YouTube" video recording of this presentation is available at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KbBxJPcnYl4


General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
12-21-2019




Using a "Homesoap" ultraviolet device to disinfect your possibly-contaminated devices and money:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Disinfecting/Homesoap.pdf


Window 10 / Hardware SIG Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
04-23-2019



Image Backups of Hard Drives in "Windows.." Computers

Our objective advice about image backups and restores for internal hard drives of Windows.. computers
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/utils/image-backup/image-backup.pdf




The Truth About Microsoft's Bundled "System Image Backup"

Microsoft's bundled "System Image Backup" works wonderfully well for "Windows 10.."
and "Windows 7.." but it is horrible for Windows 10.." and "..8..".
Drive image backups and restores using third party software also have a high rate of failure
so here are some alternative strategies for dealing with these unfortunate annoyances:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/utils/image-backup/
System-Image-Backup-deprecated.pdf


You can use the free "Macrium Reflect Free" program to make "hard drive backup images"
which can then be used at a future time to do "bare metal restores" of the internal hard hard drive
of a Windows.. computer
Our step-by-step instructions
are available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/utils/MacriumReflectFree.pdf


Window 10 / Hardware SIG Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
04-23-2019



Free Photo Editing Apps for "Windows..", "macOS", "iOS", "iPadOS", "Android", and "..Linux.."
are described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/photoediting-free-basics.pdf

Adjustments for Improving Digital Photos
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/photoedit-adjustments.pdf

Photo Editing Apps: A Rigorous Evaluation Process"
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/photoedit-eval.pdf

Photo Editing Apps for "Windows..": A Capabilities Comparison
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/photoedit-free-Win10-compare.pdf

Microsoft's "Photos" App
can be used without cost since it is bundled in any "Windows 10.." computer
as described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/Photos-app-in-Win10.pdf

Google's "Google Photos"
can be used without cost in any "Windows 10" computer as described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/GooglePhotos.pdf



FREE "GOOGLE PHOTOS" TRAINING ON SAT. NOV. 7
Sign up to reserve a virtual seat at this online "Zoom" training session now.
Go to
https://apcug2.org/apcugs-free-2020-fall-virtual-technology-conference-vtc38/
OR
if you cannot attend this session on Saturday,
you can view the (future) video of this training session
when I publish it at
http://youtube.com/fchao2
or a few weeks later at when we publish it at
http://youtube.com/apcugvideos




Adobe's "Adobe Photoshop Express"
can be used without cost in any "Windows 10" computer as described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/AdobePhotoshopExpress.pdf

"IrfanView"
is a very useful free program as described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/Irfanview.pdf

"GIMP"
is a very powerful program that is also free as described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/GIMP.pdf



Creating JPG Photo Files versus Creating RAW Photo Files
is described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/photoedit-jpg-vs-raw.pdf



"Adobe Photoshop Elements 2020"
is a very powerful program that is not free as described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/AdobePhotoshopElements.pdf



General Meeting
of
Wisconsin All-computer Users Club
of
Milwaukee
on
11-05-2020



The "Macally Silent Mouse" is the quietest wired mouse that we have ever used:
See
https://www.amazon.com/Macally-Windows-Desktop-Computer-Compact/dp/B07HGSKRMG?ref_=ast_sto_dp



Use multiple routers to protect your home or small business network
against the security vulnerabilities of "Internet of Things" ("IoT") devices:

For a level of security that is better than a single router, use three routers as follows:

Router 1 = "Border router" connects to the Internet provider.

Router 2 = "IoT router" is used to connect to cloud-connected security cameras,
cloud-connected motion detection devices, smart refrigerators, smart TVs, video doorbells,
smart thermostats, cloud-based voice-operated assistants, etc.

Router 3 = "Trusted router" is used to connect to your most-secure computers,
Network-Attached Storage devices, home servers, etc.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/routers/routers-2plus.pdf



For advice on configuring routers,
see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/routers/routers-configuring.pdf

Meeting
of the
Winners WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
June 23, 2018
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
08-01-2018


USB-C

USB-C ports started showing up in computers about 4 years ago.
A "USB-C" port is an ovoid rectangle that is about one quarter the size
of a USB 3 Type A port.
However, it is actually a USB 2 port, a USB 3.1 port, a Thunderbolt 3 port, an HDMI port, an audio port,
a Displayport port, a charging-only port or any combination of the previously-listed port types.
The exact capabilities of any specific USB-C port in any specific computer that you buy
will be determined by the manufacturer of the computer.
These wonderful new features or horrible complexities (depending on your point of view) are explained at
http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/USB3/USB-C.pdf



USB-C's "Audio Adapter Accessory Mode":
USB-C's "Audio Adapter Accessory Mode" allows USB-C ports to accept audio signals
from wired headsets that have TRS plugs or a TRRS plug
when an "Audio Adapter Accessory Mode" converter is used
to connect the TRS/TRRS plug(s) of the analog headset to the host's USB-C port.
This capability is used on some of the less-expensive Android cell phones.
This analog signal mode for USB-C is explained at
http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/USB3/USB-C-AudioAdapterAccMode.pdf

Thunderbolt 3 devices are not always plug-and-play:
You sometimes have to fire up the "Thunderbolt" app in a computer
and click on a problematic "Thunderbolt" device to turn it on.
If you do not know this, you might get the impression
that a newly-inserted Thunderbolt 3 device is defective.
For step-by-step instructions on how to jump-start a problematic Thunderbolt 3 device, please see
http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/USB3/Thunderbolt3fix.pdf

"USB4" devices are about to appear:
USB4 ports and cables will start showing up in computers, cell phones, and tablets at the end of 2020.
USB4 has the following two mandatory speeds for hosts, hubs, and peripheral devices:
20 Gbits/sec
and a fall-back USB 2.0 default of 480 Mbits/sec
For details, see
http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/USB3/USB4.pdf


Meeting of the
Under the Computer Hood Users Group
on
08-05-2020 and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-06-2017

BACKGROUND CHECKS USING THE INTERNET
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/background-checks/background-checks.pdf:
The Web of the Internet is now a wonderful way to do background research on people.
However the various Web sites that do these checks are fraught with attempts to trick
you into spending more money than you had planned to spend!

Many of the background-checking services on the Web block your access to them
by using either aggressive pop-up ads and/or "pay walls",
For some of these Web sites, you can block their pop-up ads and some of their "pay walls"
by using the free pop-up and ad blocker in the "Opera" Web browser.
Our step-by-step instructions for installing the "Opera" Web browser and activating it's free pop-up and ad blocker
are located at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/background-checks/Opera-install.pdf:

OUR ADVICE ON BACKGROUND CHECKS FOR LANDLORDS AND PROPERTY MANAGERS
WHO ARE RENTING OR LEASING REAL ESTATE PROPERTY
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/background-checks/background-checks-landlord.pdf:



General Meeting
of
Wisconsin All-computer Users Club
of
Milwaukee
on
07-2-2020
and
Windows 10 / Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
11-21-2019




Video Editing Apps: Basic Information for a "Windows.." Computer
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/videoedit/videoedit-basics.pdf

Video Editing Apps: A Rigorous Evaluation Process"
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/videoedit/video-edit-eval.pdf

Media Files For Testing Video Editing Apps
are described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/videoedit/videoedit-media-files.pdf

The actual media files that we used are available as a ZIP file at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/videoedit/SampleMediaFiles.zip

Microsoft's Bundled "Video Editor" App
can be used without cost in any "Windows 10" computer as described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/videoedit/Video-Editor-app-in-Win10.pdf

NCH's "Videopad" app
is a very powerful program that is free for non-commercial home use as described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/videoedit/VideoPad.pdf

"Adobe Premiere Elements 2020"
is a very powerful program that is not free as described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/videoedit/AdobePremiereElements.pdf


General Meeting of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
02-17-2020


An detailed overview of
FREE SOFTWARE FOR A "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/software-free.pdf




An detailed description of the
FOUR TYPES OF APPS IN A "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/program-types-win.pdf:



General Meeting
of the
Rochester Computer Society
on
11-12-2019




Maintaining and Repairing Hard Drives for "Windows.." Computers:

When confronted with hard drive problems, you should perform low-risk, less invasive procedures first,
followed by increasingly aggressive, higher risk procedures.
As you perform these increasingly invasive procedures, you will either repair the hard drive
and return it to service or at some point you might decide that it is beyond economical repair:

Soft Repairs for Hard Drives in Windows.. Computers

Always Click on "Cancel" when an "Initialize Disk" box pops up
(unless you have just attached an unformatted hard drive or USB flash drive device to your computer)


Maintenance and Repair Strategy

"Error-checking" in "Windows.." to Resolve Bad Clusters

"Soft Repairs" with Utilities in Linux

Data Recovery with Utilities in Linux




Recovering Data Files From Failed Hard Drives:

If the above procedures fail to restore the hard drive and the hard drive has data
that you or the end-user deem worth spending one to five thousand dollars to recover,
you can obtain professional data recovery assistance
which is the most expensive option for recovering data files from a failed hard drives.
This data recovery option involves the shipping of the hard drive to a clean room operation
where they open it up, read each platter in specialized equipment.
Then they use their proprietary computers to reconstruct the data files on the hard drive.
Then they ship the recovered data back to you on external hard drives or DVD-R discs.
See:
Surviving a home data disaster: How Shirley got her files back
and
Driversavers, a cleanroom service for recovering data from failed hard drives
Our Tucson Computer Society member Harry Elver can can provide you with the "Drivesavers" services
at a discount!

See also
http://www.repairtucsoncomputer.com/data-recovery-tucson/data-recovery-tucson.html
and
http://www.datarecovery.net/
and
Arizona Data Recovery

Differing Capabilities of Different Distros of Linux

Repairing a Corrupted Recycle Bin in "Windows.."




Radical "Surgery" to Extend the Life of Failed Hard Drives:

If you are unable to recover the data files from a failed hard drive and it's platters are still spinning,
you can sometimes use "Disk Management" in "Windows" to create partitions
to "block out" the bad sections of the hard drive,
in order to extend the userful life of the hard drive.
See
Perform Radical Surgery on a Hard Drive in Order to Extend Its Useful Service Life



Windows 10 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
09-04-2019

10: STREAMING MEDIA: BASICS, CAPTURE, AND SCREEN RECORDING
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/10-streaming_basics.pdf

11: LEGAL ISSUES OF MEDIA CAPTURE AND SCREEN RECORDING
OF STREAMING MEDIA

is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/11-streaming-legal_issues.pdf

12: ENDLESS STREAMING MEDIA
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/12-streaming-endless.pdf

13: SINGLE FILE STREAMING
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/13-streaming_single_file.pdf

14: STREAMING SEQUENTIAL CHUNKS
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/14-streaming_chunks.pdf

20: MEDIA CAPTURE (AT THE NETWORK STACK)
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/20-media_capture.pdf

21: "TORTURE TEST" FOR "MEDIA CAPTURE" SOFTWARE
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/21-media_capture_test.pdf

31: "SCREEN RECORDING" WHEN "MEDIA CAPTURE" IS BLOCKED"
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/31-screen_recording.pdf

41: "MEDIA CAPTURE" VERSUS "SCREEN RECORDING"
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/41-media_capture_vs_screen_recording.pdf




101: "REPLAY CAPTURE SUITE" PROGRAMS
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/101-ReplayCaptureSuite-progs.pdf

102: "APPLIAN DIRECTOR"
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/102-ApplianDirector.pdf

103: "REPLAY MEDIA CATCHER" --OVERVIEW
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/103-ReplayMediaCatcher-overview.pdf

104: USING "STREAM DOWNLOADER" IN "REPLAY MEDIA CATCHER" FOR "MEDIA CAPTURE"
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/104-ReplayMediaCatcher-media_capture.pdf

105: USING "DIGITAL VIDEO RECORDER" IN "REPLAY MEDIA CATCHER"
FOR LIMITED "SCREEN RECORDING""

is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/105-ReplayMediaCatcher-screen_record.pdf

106: "REPLAY VIDEO CAPTURE" FOR FULL-FEATURED "SCREEN RECORDING"
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/106-ReplayVideoCapture.pdf

107: REPLAY MUSIC
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/107-ReplayMusic.pdf

108: REPLAY RADIO
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/108-ReplayRadio.pdf

108A: REPLAY RADIO --STRUGGLES
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/108A-ReplayRadio-struggles.pdf

109: VIDEO PADLOCK
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/109-VideoPadlock.pdf

110: REPLAY CONVERTER
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/110-ReplayConverter.pdf

111: REPLAY MEDIA SPLITTER
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/111-ReplayMediaSplitter.pdf

112: REPLAY TELECORDER
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/112-ReplayTelecorder.pdf




60: FREE ALTERNATIVE PROGRAMS INSTEAD OF THE "REPLAY CAPTURE SUITE"
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/60-Free_alt_software-instead-of-Replay.pdf

72: FREE "MEDIA CAPTURE" WITH THE "aTube Catcher" PROGRAM
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/72-free-media-capture-aTube.pdf

81: FREE "SCREEN RECORDING" WITH THE "iSpring Free Cam" PROGRAM
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/81-free-screen-record-iSpring.pdf




201: MacOS SCREEN RECORDING AND MEDIA CAPTURE
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/201-MacScreenRecordandMediaCapture.pdf



Meeting
of
Wisconsin All-computer Users Club
of
Milwaukee

on
07-11-2019
and
Meeting
of
CPUser Group
of
Pennsylvania

on
06-11-2019
and
Meeting
of the
Winners
Windows
Users

of
Irvine,
California
on
09-29-2018
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-05-2018

DATA PRESERVATION STRATEGIES:
The stability and persistence of your data files and photo files is threatened by many vectors
that arise from both human dishonesty and physical/chemical processes.
You can mitigate these threats by means of various redundancy and diversity processes:

Data Degradation
Lots of Hype From Manufacturers
3-2-1 Mantra Is Inadequate But Helpful
Redundancy and Diversity To The Rescue
Hard Drive Imaging and Cloning by Third-Party Software
"Storage Spaces" Mirroring
A Rigorous Data Preservation Plan for a Small Business
Three Ways to Back Up A Data Hard Drive

For our advice on these topics, see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/data-preservaton/data-preservation.pdf


Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Costa Mesa,
California
on
04-24-2019


Our successful adventure with the purchase and use of
Low-Cost Copies of "Windows 10.."
is described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/cheap/win10-cheap.pdf


Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
08-27-2016
and
02-20-2019
and
future meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society




Our how-to advice on
Creating Custom "Start Menu" Items in "Windows 10"
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10-custom-start-menu-items.pdf



Using a Trial Version of "Windows 10" for Free:

There are two ways to try "Windows 10" for free:
Method 1: Run the "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation"
and
Method 2: Run a copy of "Windows 10" that is not activated.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/Win10-trial.pdf




Using the Free "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation":
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10enteval.pdf



Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
08-27-2016
and
future meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society




Our detailed step-by-step procedure for
MERGING OR MIRRORING HARD DRIVES IN A "WINDOWS 10" OR "WINDOWS 8.1" COMPUTER
is located at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/organize/hard-drives-organize-win10and8.pdf

Our detailed step-by-step procedure for
MERGING OR MIRRORING HARD DRIVES IN A "WINDOWS 7"COMPUTER
is located at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/organize/hard-drives-organize-win7.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Costa Mesa,
California, U.S.A
on
01-23-2019
and
Window 10 / Hardware SIG Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
02-06-2019




Our detailed step-by-step procedure for
FREEING UP SPACE ON THE C: DRIVE OF A "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER
is located at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/free-up-C-drive.pdf




Window 10 / Hardware SIG Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
02-06-2019


Here are some rigorous, logically-ordered procedures for speeding up any "Windows.." computer:

Speeding Up Windows 10"
is available at

http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/speedupWindows/win10speedup.pdf

Additional detailed step-by-step advice for speeding up a "Windows 10.." computer is available at
https://www.itpro.co.uk/operating-systems/26138/how-to-speed-up-windows-10
and
https://www.thewindowsclub.com/which-windows-10-services-safe-to-disable
and
https://www.freshtechtips.com/2019/04/disable-unnecessary-services-in-windows.html
and
https://www.askvg.com/beginners-guide-to-configure-windows-10-services/
and
http://www.pcerror-fix.com/windows-10-services-to-disable-for-gaming



"Speeding Up Windows 8 and Windows 8.1"
is available at

http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/speedupWindows/win8speedup.pdf

"Speeding Up Windows 7"
is available at

http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/speedupWindows/win7speedup.pdf

"Speeding Up Windows Vista"
is available at

http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/speedupWindows/vistaspeedup.pdf

"Speeding Up Windows XP"
is available at

http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/speedupWindows/xp_speedup.pdf

In addition to the above version-specific procedures, the following procedure
applies to any "Windows.." computer:
"Turn Off Startup Programs to Speed Up Your Windows Computer"
is available at

http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/speedupWindows/startup_programs.pdf




Here is an old trick from the world of servers
that lets you improve the speed and reliability
of any version of the "Windows.." operating system:
Supersize The Swap File To Get More Speed and Reliability from "Windows.."
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/speedupWindows/supersize_swapfile.pdf

Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Costa Mesa,
California, U.S.A
on
12-12-2018
and
10-31-2015
and
06-28-2014
and
General Meeting
of the
Lake
Monticello
Computer
Users Group
(LMCUG)
on
01-10-2013
and
General Meetings
of the
PC Rams
Computer
Society

on
04-11-2012
and
03-14-2012 and
General Meeting
of the
Boca Raton
Computer
Society

on
12-21-2011
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG

of the
Tucson
Computer
Society

on
01-04-2012



USEFUL FREE "WINDOWS.." UTILITIES

There are lots of free and not-free utility software programs that you can use
to prevent and resolve problems
that might develop with a Windows.. computer.

For our tutorial about the most useful bundled and free third-party utility programs
please see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/utils/utility_programs-win.pdf




Most "Windows.." computers arrive bundled with all sorts of digital "shovelware"
that takes up space on your computer's hard drive and registry.

To remove most of this digital junk,
see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/uninstaller/removing-unwanted-software.pdf

There three types of software programs that can reside inside a Windows.. computer:
desktop apps, "Universal Windows Platform" apps, and portable apps.
For details about this,
see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/program-types-win.pdf



The "uninstaller" wizards that are bundled with most "Desktop apps"
(that "Programs and Features" in the Control Panel utilizes to remove software)
leave all sorts of junk in both your Registry of "Windows.." and on your C: hard drive.
To do a really clean uninstall of a "desktop app" in Windows..,
use the free "Revo Uninstaller Portable" program.

See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/uninstaller/RevoUninstallerPortable.pdf

When you are upgrading or installing software programs,
software companies often attempt to surrepticiously sneak unwanted additional software programs
and non-optimal settings into your "Windows.." computer.
You should "just say no" to these "ride along" changes to your computer, as shown
in
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/uninstaller/avoiding-unwanted-software.pdf



Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Costa Mesa,
California, U.S.A
on
10-24-2018
and
10-31-2015
and
06-28-2014
and
General Meeting
of the
Lake
Monticello
Computer
Users Group
(LMCUG)
on
01-10-2013
and
General Meetings
of the
PC Rams
Computer
Society

on
04-11-2012
and
03-14-2012 and
General Meeting
of the
Boca Raton
Computer
Society

on
12-21-2011
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG

of the
Tucson
Computer
Society

on
01-04-2012

Windows 10's "Snip & Sketch" will eventually replace Windows 10's "Snipping Tool"
and this improved, bundled utility program is described
at

http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/utils/SnipAndSketch.pdf




Our how-to advice on
ANALYZING AND REPAIRING MINOR PROBLEMS IN A "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/hardware/hardware-problems-minor.pdf

Our how-to advice on
ACCESSING THE UEFI CONFIGURATION SCREENS OF A "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/hardware/UEFIviaWin10.pdf

Our how-to advice on
LAPTOP COOLING WITH EXTERNAL FAN DEVICES
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/hardware/laptop-cooling.pdf

Our how-to advice on
USING USB 3.X AND THUNDERBOLT HUBS
TO SUPPLEMENT THE USB 3.X AND THUNDERBOLT PORTS FOR A LAPTOP

is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/hardware/USB-laptop-config.pdf




Our how-to advice on
Using External Parts to Repair or Improve A Computer
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/external-parts/external-parts.pdf

Our how-to advice on
Using External USB Sound Cards to Repair or Improve A Computer
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/external-parts/external-parts-sound.pdf

Our how-to advice on
Using External USB Gigabit Ethernet Network Adapters to Repair or Improve A Computer
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/external-parts/external-parts-Ethernet.pdf

Our how-to advice on
Using External USB Wi-Fi Network Adapters to Repair or Improve A Computer
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/external-parts/external-parts-Wi-Fi.pdf

Using A HDMI-to-VGA Adapter to Connect an Old VGA Monitor
to the HDMI Port of a Computer

is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/external-parts/HDMI-to-VGA.pdf

You can add an HDMI, DVI, or VGA port and a separate stand-alone monitor
to a "Windows.." or "MacBook" laptop
as a quick, low-cost workaround for a failed or broken laptop monitor

as described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/external-parts/HDMI-DVI-VGA-add.pdf




Our how-to advice on
REPLACING A FAILED DVD DRIVE IN A LENOVO THINKPAD
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/hardware/DVD-UJ8FBS.pdf

Our how-to advice on
PROCURING AND INSTALLING AN EXTERNAL "USB 3" DVD DRIVE
TO AVOID HAVING TO REPLACE A FAILED INTERNAL DVD DRIVE
FOR A LAPTOP COMPUTER

is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/external-parts/DVD-USB3-add.pdf




Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Costa Mesa,
California, USA
on
11-28-2018
and
04-29-2017
and
08-27-2016
and
Windows 10 / Hardware SIG meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on 12-05-2018

Intel Versus AMD CPU Wars
is located at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cpus/CPU-wars.pdf





Windows 10's "Snip & Sketch" will soon replace Windows 10's "Snipping Tool"
and this improved, bundled utility program is described at

http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/utils/SnipAndSketch.pdf



General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
11-19-2018



We have discovered that you can build a much more reliable "external hard drive"
by buying and the assembling the following parts, which are sold separately.
If you "home brew" your own external hard drives, you will also save money
relative to the cost of buying either an external hard drive enclosure or buying an external hard drive.
Here are the parts that you need to buy:
An internal SATA hard drive,
a fan assembly that bolts onto the internal SATA hard drive,
and
a SATA-to-USB 3.x adapter.
Our how-to instructions for "growing your own" external hard drives
or external hard drive enclosures
can be found at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/external/external-hard-drives.pdf

When they break, most external USB hard drives can be repaired or recovered from
if you follow the brilliant technical advice
at
https://discussions.apple.com/docs/DOC-6121

When a part inside an external hard drive or an external SSD breaks,
you can save money and end up with a more reliable device if you substitute quality third-party parts
as described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/external/Parts-for-external.pdf

You can use the free and non-intrusive "CrystalDiskInfoPortable" to check the S.M.A.R.T. readings
for most internal and external hard drives
as described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/CrystalDiskInfoPortable.pdf


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-05-2018
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
04-28-2018


If you purchase or build an external USB or SATA or eSATA hard drive:
you can use the same external USB hard drive in two ways at the same time:
First, you can use free software to store "backup drive images" on the external hard drive
and
secondly, you can use the external USB hard drive to store important data files in their regular native format.




You can use the free and non-intrusive "CrystalDiskInfoPortable"
to check the S.M.A.R.T. readings for most internal and external hard drives
as described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/CrystalDiskInfoPortable.pdf





Wi-Fi 6 versus Wi-Fi 5 versus Gigabit Ethernet:

http://aztcs/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi6versusWi-Fi5versusGigEnet.pdf

Measuring Wi-Fi Coverage and Speeds in Your Local Network:

To download and install the free "NetSpot Free Edition" for a "Windows" or "MacOS" computer,
use a Web browser to go to
http://www.netspotapp.com/netspotpro.html
Then scroll or page-down to get to the free edition of "Netspot..s".

To download and install the free "Acrylic WiFi Home" analysis program
for a "Windows.." computer,
use a Web browser to go to
https://www.acrylicwifi.com/descargas-versiones-gratuitas-programas-software-herramientas
-wifi/descargar-escaner-wifi-gratis-para-windows/

The "Tarlogic" company is located in Spain.
If and when your Web browser displays a "Translate" button,
click on it to convert the Spanish text in the Web page into English.
If this does not happen, click on "EN" in the upper-right corner to convert the page content to English.
Scroll or page down.
Then click on the "Try it for free" button.

To get a more complete picture of your Wi-Fi environment in a "Windows.." computer,
you can use both the free "Acrylic WiFi Home" program AND the free "Netspot" program.
However, do not use both programs at the same time.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi/Wi-Fi-advice.pdf




Using the free "Speedtest.net" apps or Website to measure Internet Speeds
To Remediate Bottlenecks In Your Local Network:


Your broadband Internet download and upload speeds will usually be much slower
than the speeds at which the network devices on your local network run at.
However, many home and business networks have old, tired network components
that bottleneck your actual Internet speeds below what the Internet provider is providing
at the broadband modem at the Internet "point of entry" .
To prevent the components of your local network (routers, switches, powerline links, etc.)
from bottlenecking the Internet bandwidth that your Internet Service Provider (ISP) provides you,
measure the Internet bandwidth speeds and the local area network speeds at various locations
in your Local Area Network (LAN)
as described in
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/bottlenecks/bottlenecks.pdf




Getting into the UEFI configuration screens in "Windows 10":

Two ways to get into the UEFI configuration screens in "Windows 10":

METHOD ONE:
Use the computer manufacturer's proprietary key sequence during the power up of the computer.


METHOD TWO:
Use the buttons inside the "Settings" function inside "Windows 10.." as follows:

Use the left mouse button to click on the "Start button".
The "Start Menu" will show up.
Click on the "Settings" icon. (It looks like a gear wheel.)
Click on "Update & Security".
Click on "Recovery".
Click on "Advanced startup".
Click on the "Restart now" button.
Click on "Troubleshoot--Reset your PC or see advanced options".
Click on "Advanced options".
Click on "UEFI Firmware Settings".
Click on "Restart".



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-28-2018
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
08-01-2018


Free Online Training for "Windows.." Computers:

Hundreds of hours of free training and technical advice can be obtained online
with an Internet-connected "Windows" computer. The online training is almost as
good as training in a traditional classroom setting. Most computer users get the
best training experience by combining instructor-led classroom training and
online self-directed training since the two modes of training reinforce each other.
To access our categorized folders of training hyperlinks,
please follow the instructions at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/training/training.pdf
for access our archive which is actually located at
https://www.box.com/shared/ff0p9m41h0




Free Online Training for Apple "MacOS" Computers:

Dozens of hours of free training and technical advice can be obtained online
with an Internet-connected "MacOS" computer. The online training is almost as
good as training in a traditional classroom setting. Most computer users get the
best training experience by combining instructor-led classroom training and
online self-directed training since the two modes of training reinforce each other.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/apple/apple.htm




Meeting of the
Seniors
Computer
Group
of
San Diego

on
09-15-2018
and
Joint Meeting of the
Potomac Area
Technology
and
Computer
Society

and the
Osher
Lifelong
Learning
Institute
Computer
User Group

on
01-19-2013


Our lessons-learned advice about
TELEVISION ANTENNA SECRETS
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/add-ons/TV/Antenna-secrets.pdf
You can use both antenna gain and amplifier gain to increase the number of television channels
that you receive over-the-air.
To prevent a pre-amplifier from causing the stronger television stations from overloading your television set,
you can insert an attenuator between the antenna and the pre-amplifier.

Our update on the current models of
HAUPPAUGE OVER-THE-AIR USB TV TUNERS
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/add-ons/TV/Hauppauge-tuners.pdf

Our detailed advice about
Over-the-air reception of ATSC television channels
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/add-ons/TV/ATSC-OTA.pdf


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-05-2018
and
Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS
Computer
User Group

of
Irvine,
California
on
04-30-2016
and
03-26-2016


Improving the Speed, Reliability, and/or Area Coverage of Your Wireless Wi-Fi Connection:

Upgrade from 802.11n to 802.11ax:
802.11ax has Multiple User-Multiple In-Multiple Out and Beam Forming
while 802.11n only has Single Users-Multiple In-Multiple Out
so you should replace or add a 802.11ax-capable router or Wi-Fi extender to your home or small business network.

You can replace the old, worn-out Wi-Fi adapter in your desktop or laptop computer
to increase 802.11ax data throughput
by following our advice at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi/Wi-Fi-adapters



To analyze and resolve Wi-Fi problems, you can install free Wi-Fi software
into your "Windows.." or Mac "OS X" computer.
Then you can use these software programs to view numerical and graphical information
in order to modify your Wi-Fi settings.

To download and install the free "Acrylic WiFi Home" analysis program for a "Windows.." computer,
use a Web browser to go to
https://www.acrylicwifi.com/descargas-versiones-gratuitas-programas-software-herramientas-wifi/
descargar-escaner-wifi-gratis-para-windows/

The "Tarlogic" company is located in Spain.
If and when your Web browser displays a "Translate" button,
click on it to convert the Spanish text in the Web page into English.
If this does not happen, click on "EN" in the upper-right corner to convert the page content to English.
Scroll or page down.
Then click on the "Try it for free" button.

To download and install the free "NetSpot Free Edition" for a "Windows" or "MacOS" computer,
use a Web browserto go to
http://www.netspotapp.com/netspotpro.html
Then scroll or page-down to get to the free edition of "Netspot..s".

To get a more complete picture of your Wi-Fi environment in a "Windows.." computer, you can use
both the free "Acrylic WiFi Home" program AND the free "Netspot" program.
However, do not use both programs at the same time.
See also
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi/Wi-Fi-advice.pdf




Measuring Network Speeds To Remediate Bottlenecks In Your Local Network:

To prevent the components of your local network (routers, switches, powerline links, etc.)
from bottlenecking the Internet bandwidth
that your Internet Service Provider (ISP) provides you,
measure the Internet bandwidth speeds and the local area network speeds
at various locations in your Local Area Network (LAN)
as described in
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/bottlenecks/bottlenecks.pdf



Meeting
of the
Winners WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
June 23, 2018
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
08-01-2018


Wireless Video Doorbells
are the fastest growing sub-segment of the nascent "Internet of Things" (IoT) product lines
See
http://bestdoorbellcamera.com/

http://www.doorbellhome.org/skybell-hd-vs-ring-doorbell-pro-vs-august-doorbell-cam/

http://thewirecutter.com/reviews/best-smart-doorbell-camera/

https://wiki.ezvid.com/best-wireless-doorbells

http://www.toptenreviews.com/home/smart-home/best-video-doorbells/

http://www.doorbellreview.com/

http://www.techlicious.com/guide/best-video-doorbell-cameras/

https://www.cnet.com/products/august-doorbell-cam/




Guidelines For Wireless "Internet of Things" (IoT) Devices

Most wireless devices such as video doorbells depend on the speed and radio frequency signal strength
of the wireless network that they communicate to so you need to have a later model wireless router
that has the following features:

802.11ax Wi-Fi (instead of the old 802.11n Wi-Fi standard),
with MIMO (Multiple In-Multiple Out),
and
beam forming.

No wireless video doorbell will work well without a wireless router that has the above three features.

The electricians who install your video doorbell may not consider it to be their responsibility
to help ou upgrade your home router to one that has these state-of-the-art features
but really good, knowledgeable electricians would tell you about the need for these features.



If you house is reasonably well-built and there are well-built walls or ceilings
for your wireless router's signal to penetrate,
you might need to install a "wireless extender" to get strong enough or fast enough
of a radio frequency signal to your video doorbell:


There are three kinds of wireless extender installation configurations:

Configuration 1:
Wireless extender repeats the radio signal from the wireless router.

Configuration 2:
Wireless extender is connected to the wireless router by means of a Category 5/5e/6/7 cable.

Configuration 3:
Wireless extender is connected to the wireless router by means of a "Multimedia Over Coax Alliance"
(MOCA) link using existing coaxial cabling in your house.





"If This Then That" (IFTTT) makes "IoT" devices more usesful
by putting in helpful logic into IoT Devices.
For example, if you have a wireless recording camera that records detected motion,
you can make it only record when you are more than 100 feet away from your home:
Your wireless recording cameras would communicate with a location app inside your cell phone
and your cell phone would constantly report your GPS coordinates
to your wireless recording cameras.



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-24-2016
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-02-2015


Some of our tricks for connecting hard drives to Windows.. and Linux computers are shown
at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/tricks/harddrivetricks.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
04-04-2018



Most power supplies in Windows and Linux desktop computers conform to
or are close to adhering to Intel's ATX and ATX 12V standards.
For our advice on replacing ATX.. power supplies,
see

http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/ATX/ATX-PS.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-07-2018
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
Feb. 24, 2018
and


For our advice on how you can fix "Windows Update" in a "Windows 7" computer,
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/WindowsUpdate/Win7UpdateFix.pdf


For our advice on how you can fix "Windows Update" in a "Windows 10" computer,
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/WindowsUpdate/Win10UpdateFix.pdf


For our advice on how you can fix "Windows Update" in a "Windows 8.1" computer,
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/WindowsUpdate/Win8.1UpdateFix.pdf



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
01-27-2018
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
02-07-2018



Testing Malware and Malware Defenses:

Do not use a production computer.

Make a throwaway copy of a virtual machine that has the same operating system as your production computer.

Use this throwaway virtual machine for your testing of the suspected malware

Disconnect the default virtual "Network Address Translation" router from the test virtual machine.

Attach a USB Gigabit Ethernet or Wi-Fi network adapter to your real, host computer.

Connect the USB Gigabit Ethernet or Wi-Fi network adapter
to the less secure "DMZ" router in a two or three router network configuration.

Start the test virtual machine.

Connect the test virtual machine to the USB Gigabit Ethernet or Wi-Fi network adapter.

Play the devils advocate and launch the malware or the suspected malevolent Web site.

See if the computer gets infected.

If the computer gets infected, see if you can remove the infection
with online scanners listed at
"How do I get rid of malware?"
at
https://support.mozilla.org/en-US/kb/troubleshoot-firefox-issues-caused-malware?cache=no



Super Secure Web Surfing with a Virtual Machine and a Two-Router "DMZ" Configuration At Your Home or Business:

SECURE WEB ACCESS WITH A "VMWARE" VIRTUAL MACHINE AND A TWO-ROUTER "DE-MILITARIZED ZONE" (DMZ)


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
11-01-2017
and
04-05-2017



PROTECT YOURSELF FROM IDENTITY THEFT:

Judy Taylour's presentation
is available at
http://apcug2.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/Protecting_Yourself_Yourself_SecurityVTC_Taylour.pdf

A YouTube video of Judy Taylour's presentation
is available at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FTEw307D2uo

Hewie Poplock's presentation
is available at
http://apcug2.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/ID_Theft_How_to_Avoid_It_HewiePoplock_SecurityVTC.pdf

The United States' Federal government information resource for identity theft is located at https://www.usa.gov/identity-theft




Data Breaches-A Recurring Cybersecurity Problem

Data breaches occur in large and small sizes:
A large data breach means the private data for millions of people are obtained.
A small data breach means that the private data for one or a few or a few hundred people are obtained.

See
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Data_breach



Security Lapses of Email Providers:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/email/email-security-lapses.pdf


Identifying and Managing Suspicious Email Messages
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/email/email-suspicious.pdf

To check out suspicious buttons and hyperlinks at Web sites and in email
to see the URL that the button or hyperlink is trying to take you to.
You might have to turn on the bottom status bar
and/or maximize the browser or email Window in order to see the bottom status bar.
Use the "Task Manager" in "Windows.." to close down a stuck or suspicious browser display
by either pressing Ctrl + Shift + Esc or right-clicking on unused space on the Task Bar
and then selecting "Task Manager".

Use the "Force Quit" function in MacOS by pressing
Command + Option + Esc
in MacOS to close down a stuck or suspicious browser display.


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-06-2017
and
04-05-2017


Email Basics

Email--Advanced Techniques

"Google Takeout" Website Allows You to Download All of Your Gmail
Into a Single Mbox File


Client Email Programs--UWP Apps versus Legacy Programs

Email--Verizon's Acquisitions of AOL and Yahoo!Mail

Security Lapses of Email Providers

Accessing Apple's iCloud Email from an Email Client Program
Inside a "Windows.." Computer


Accessing "Yahoo!Mail"
From An Email Client Program Inside A "Windows.." Computer


Saving Email Locally On The Hard Drive of Your Computer

"Litmus Email Analytics" Gathers Market Share Usage Statistics
For End-user Software, End-user Hardware, and Email Providers


Server Farms of Email Service Providers

Sending an email to a cell phone via SMS or MMS

Identifying and Managing Suspicious Email Messages


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
08-26-2017
and
Main
Meeting
of the
North
Orange
County
Computer Club

on
08-06-2017
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
08-02-2017


For our advice on how you can silence your noisy computer,
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/computer-noise/computer-noise.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
05-27-2017
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
06-07-2017


Senate Joint Resolution 34

On April 3, 2017, President Trump signed Senate Joint Resolution 34 to repeal some Internet privacy regulations for Internet Service Providers that had previously been proposed by the Federal Communications Commission back on December 2, 2017.

The net result of this new law is to permit Internet Service Providers to monitor and sell information on the activities of their customers.

At the present time, no Internet Service Providers are openly engaging in these activities.

Comcast claims that they will never do so.

The intentions of other Internet Service Providers are not known.




Free VPN Service from "Opera Software"

("VPN" = "Virtual Private Network")

You can get free, unlimited VPN service by using the
"Opera" Web browser.
Their VPN service is provided without requiring you to get an account from either the Opera company or their "SurfEasy VPN" subsidiary.
The "SurfEasy VPN" subsidiary of "Opera Software"
is the provider of the VPN service that is bundled into the "Opera developer 41.0" program.
To use this amazing free service,
go to
http://www.opera.com
Then, click on the "Download now" button to download the "OperaSetup.exe" file.
Then double-click on the "OperaSetup.exe" file to start the installation process.
Locate the "Opera" icon on the Windows desktop and double-click on it.
Click on the "Opera" icon in the upper-right corner of the "Opera" window.
Click on "Settings" in the pop-up utlity menu.
Click on "Privacy & security".
Place a checkmark in the box next to "Enable VPN".
Click on the orange "VPN" icon that is located to the left of the URL address box.
Click on the drop down list button that is to the right of "Optimal location".
Select the location of the VPN server that you wish to connect to.
As long as the "VPN" icon stays blue,
any Web sites that you visit with the "Opera developer" browser will be secured by the VPN connection between your computer
and the VPN server that is provided by "SurfEasy VPN" subsidiary of "Opera Software".
However, any Internet downloads and uploads that you perform with other Web browser programs, FTP client programs, and command line utilties such as FTP, ping, etc.
will not be protected by Opera's free VPN service,
since their free VPN service is a bundled part of the "Opera developer" browser.




Advantages and Disadvantages of the "Opera" Web browser:

1. Free, bundled VPN does not require a user log-in = No data gathering for advertisers.

2. Free VPN feature does not protect activities outside of the Opera Web browser
such as other Web browsers, FTP access, etc.

3. Can block ads but the bundled ad blocker breaks parts of some Web sites.

For Web sites such as http://gocomics.com, it works wonderfully
and makes the Web site easier to use.
For other Web sites such as some of the photo albums at
http://cnn.com
the Opera Web browser causes various buttons and features to fail.

4. "Turbo" feature of the Opera browser can speed up Web browsing
but this feature is not compatible with the free VPN feature.



Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
05-03-2017
anda
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-24-2016

The computer industry's "elegant solution" to secure remote access is called
"Virtual Private Network" (VPN).

Almost every medium-to-large sized company, government entity,
and not-for-profit institution including educational institutions
uses privately-created and privately-hosted VPNs
to provide employees, students, and contractors
with remote access to their internal and cloud-based computer resources.

VPNs were originally intended to provide secure remote access
into local area network resources such as servers, printers, and mainframes.

This technology has been adapted for private computer users as
"VPN services":

"VPN services" give you an extra measure of security by protecting you
from the more common hacks such as "man in the middle" spying,
"Evil Twin" wireless access points,
and WiFi over-the-air recordings with free tools such as "WireShark".

"VPN services" reduce most of the risk of using public Internet access
by encrypting the near end of the Internet connection--
where you first connect to a public Internet service.

However, with the exception of the VPN that is part of the "Opera 40" Web browser,
all "VPN services" reduce data throughput
relative to what a "raw" Internet connection is capable of.

The terms "VPNs" and "VPN Services" are often used interchangeably
so you have to figure out from the context in which these terms are used
to determine whether someone means
the original VPN (which is a secure remote connection into a Local Area Network"
or
a "VPN Service" (which is a secure remote connection into the Internet
which uses a local area network as an intermediary).




Using Virtual Private Network (VPN) Services
For Secure Public Internet Access
And To Block Privacy Intrusions by Internet Providers


Using the Free Version of the "Opera" Browser For Secure Public Internet Access

Using the Free Version of "Hotspot Shield" For Secure Public Internet Access
Web Sites For Testing Virtual Private Network Services:

http://whatismyipaddress.com/

http://www.ip2location.com/

http://www.tracemyip.org/

http://showip.net/

http://www.iplocationfinder.com/

https://www.dnsleaktest.com/

https://www.grc.com/x/ne.dll?bh0bkyd2




Using VPN Services As Temporary Workarounds For Slow Broadband Internet Access:

Sometimes you can use free VPN services as a temporary workaround
for download and upload slowdowns in broadband Internet access:
For example, Comcast cable modem Internet in the Tucson area was very slow
on Friday August 9, 2013 through Saturday August 10
with download and upload speeds so slow that they are unmeasurable.
When we used the free version of "Hotspot Shield" VPN
, we obtained usable Internet download speeds
above 20 Megabits per second and upload speeds above 1.5 Megabits per second
(via our Comcast cable modems located in Tucson).


Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
05-03-2017
and
10-05-2016
and
06-05-2013
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-24-2016
and
09-27-2014



World Maps that show in real time the light, dark, and twilight zones of the world are available as standalone programs and from various Web sites.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/clocks/geoclocks/geoclock_map.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
04-05-2017




Simple techniques for making your "Windows.." computer easier to use
are explained at

http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/win-easier1.pdf

A YouTube Video of the February 11, 2017 version of the above presentation
is available at
https://youtu.be/AbNTOcvkBNA





More-advanced techniques for making your "Windows.." computer easier to use
can be found
at

http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/win-easier2.pdf




Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
02-25-2017
and
Virtual
Technology
Conference 23
of the
Association
of PC
User Groups

(APCUG)
on
02-11-2017
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
04-01-2015



USB 3.1 versus USB 2 versus SATA versus eSATA:


Meeting of the
Under the Computer Hood Users Group
on
02-01-2017 and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
02-01-2017



Powershell in Windows..




Hard Drive Utilities





Getting into the UEFI configuration screens in "Windows 10":

Use the left mouse button to click on the "Start button".
The "Start Menu" will show up.
Click on the "Settings" icon. (It looks like a gear wheel.)
Click on "Update & security".
Click on "Recovery".
Click on "Restart now". (It is in the "Advanced startup" section.)
Clock on the Troubleshoot" button.
Click on the "Advanced options" button.
Click on "UEFI Firmware Settings" button.
Click on the "Restart" button.




Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
01-28-2017
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
02-01-2017


Our how-to documentation
on
"What to Do When Your Computer Will Not Boot--Part 1-The Basics"
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/will-not-boot/will-not-boot-part1.pdf

Our how-to documentation
on
"What to Do When Your Computer Will Not Boot--Part 2-Using Bootable Devices"
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/will-not-boot/will-not-boot-part2.pdf




Our advice on
Using Free Rescue Disks To Remove Malware
can be found at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/malwarecleanup/rescue_disks.pdf

To use these free rescue CDs/DVDs/USB flash drives, you might have to
configure the BIOS or UEFI of your "Windows.." computer so that it will boot up from one of these devices.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/BIOStoUEFI/BIOStoUEFI.pdf


Virtual
Technology
Conference 22
of the
Association
of PC
User Groups

(APCUG)
on
11-05-2016
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
12-19-2015


Our how-to documentation
on
Computer Management in "Windows.."
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/computer-management/computer-management.pdf




Here are some rigorous, logically-ordered procedures for speeding up
any "Windows.." computer:

"Speeding Up Windows XP"

"Speeding Up Windows Vista"

"Speeding Up Windows 7"

"Speeding Up Windows 8 and Windows 8.1"

Speeding Up Windows 10"

In addition to the above version-specific procedures, the following procedure
applies to any "Windows.." computer:
"Turn Off Startup Programs to Speed Up Your Windows Computer"




The advantages of "Physical Address Extension" are explained at

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/aa366796(v=vs.85).aspx




Supersize The Swap File To Get More Speed and Reliability from "Windows.."




Benchmarking "Windows.." Computers for Free




Remove The Unwanted Blue Highlight from Desktop Icon Text in Windows XP


Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
10-31-2015
and
06-28-2014
and
General Meeting
of the
Lake
Monticello
Computer
Users Group
(LMCUG)
on
01-10-2013
and
General Meetings
of the
PC Rams
Computer
Society

on
04-11-2012
and
03-14-2012 and
General Meeting
of the
Boca Raton
Computer
Society

on
12-21-2011
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG

of the
Tucson
Computer
Society

on
01-04-2012


Seat belt extenders can be used to secure objects in the passenger compartment
of a motor vehicle.
See
http://actcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/seat-belt-extenders/seat-belt-extenders.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-24-2016
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-02-2015


USB 3 versus USB 2 versus eSATA

Problems with USB 2 Devices Attached to USB 3 Ports

Testing USB Ports, Cables, and Devices

USB 3 Adapters For Adding USB Ports To An Existing Computer

Struggles With Installing USB 3 Adapters






File Sharing--An Overview

File Sharing Between Windows.. Computers--Part 1

File Sharing Between Windows.. Computers--Part 2

File Sharing from "Windows.." to Mac OSX and Linux

Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
04-25-2015
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
05-06-2015
and
General Meeting
of
Western
New York
Computer
Society

on
10-25-2011


Extending Your Local Network (LAN), Part 3--
"Multimedia over Coax Alliance" (MoCA)
and
Powerline Networking

See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/extending/extending-part3.pdf




Extending Your Local Network (LAN), Part 2--
Wi-Fi Range Extenders
and
Powerline Networking

See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/powerline/
powerline-vs-WiFi-extender.pdf





Extending Your Local Network (LAN), Part 1--The Basics

Presentation slides and "how to" document in Adobe Acrobat .PDF format

.WMA Video
of the on-site presentation
to the "Windows Users Computer User Group"
of Irvine, California on March 22, 2014



Powerline networking has now reached parity with "Gigabit Ethernet"
data transmission speeds.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/powerline/powerline.pdf

Our experiences with specific models of powerline networking equipment
made by Trendnet, D-Link, and Zycel
are described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/powerline/powerline-experiences.pdf



For advice on using routers with "Wireless Internet Service Provider" ("WISP") capability,
see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/routers/routers-WISP.pdf


Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-30-2016
and
06-27-2015
and
General Meeting
of the
Vistoso
Computer
Society

on
05-13-2013
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-06-2013



Windows 10 Retail Pricing
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10-retail.pdf




"Windows 10" Activation
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10-activation.pdf




"Speeding Up Windows 10"
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/speedupWindows/win10speedup.pdf




Using the Free "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation":
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10enteval.pdf



General Meeting
of the
Los Angeles
Computer Society

on
07-12-2016
and
Meeting
of the
California
Southland
Chapter
of the
Association
of
Information
Technology
Professionals

(AITP)
on
10-28-2015
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
10-19-2015
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-25-2015
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
09-02-2015


For a general overview of free software and services from the Internet, please see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/free/free-software-services.pdf



Meeting
of the
Pikes Peak
Computer
Application
Society

on
07-02-2016
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
03-21-2011


Sample data files for testing office suite software:

samples-TCS.zip contains sample .doc, .docx, .xls, .XLSx, .ppt, and .pptx files

samples-Final.zip from OpenXMLDeveloper.org

sample_doc.file.doc

passworded_sample_doc.file.doc
(The password for opening this file is "password".
This file was created with "Microsoft Word 2002 SP3").

sample Powerpoint ppt file

sample Powerpoint PPSX slide show file


General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-21-2011

Free Antivirus Programs:

The best free antivirus programs for "Windows.." computers are
"FortiClient" and "Avast! Free Antivirus"

The best free antivirus programs for Mac "OS X" computers are
"Avast! Free Antivirus" and "Sophos"

See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/antivirus/antivirus-compare.pdf
for more details and advice about free antivirus programs.

For advice specific to the free "FortiClient Endpoint Protection" for "Windows..", see http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/antivirus/FortiClient.pdf

For advice specific to the free version of "Avast! Free Antivirus" for "Windows..", see http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/antivirus/Avast.pdf

For advice specific to the free version of "Avira Free Antivirus" for "Windows..", see http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/antivirus/Avira.pdf

For advice specific to the free version of "Comodo Antivirus" for "Windows..", see http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/antivirus/Comodo.pdf



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California on
05-23-2015
and
Meeting
of the
Princeton PC
Users Group

on
10-27-2014

Our detailed advice about
Over-the-air reception
of
ATSC television
(="Cord Cutting")

is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/add-ons/TV/ATSC-OTA.pdf




iView's "Digital Converter Box" (model 3200STB)
is an ATSC tuner that sells for approximately $30.
To use it as a television set, you have to attach it to the following additional equipment:
An over-the-air VHF/UHF antenna,
a computer monitor that has a HDMI jack,
and a pair of computer speakers.

For details, see http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/add-ons/TV/iView_tuner.pdf




Signal Sources for Your Real or Virtual Television Set:-

ATSC reception over-the-air,
clear QAM from a cable TV provider,
and/or
encrypted QAM from a cable TV provider





TV Inside your "Windows.." or "OS X" MAC Computer

TV Inside Your "Ubuntu" or "Linux Mint" Linux Computer



Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS
Computer
User Group

of
Irvine,
California
on
04-30-2016
and
03-26-2016
and
Windows 8.1 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
10-02-2013

Macs Versus "Windows.." Computers:

For an explanation of how Mac "OS X" computers differ from "Windows.." computers, see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/mac/OSXvsWindows.pdf:

Basic Differences Between Macs and PCs
Models of Macs
Pricing of Macs
User Interface of Macs
Two Ways To Run "Windows.." Inside Macs


General Meeting
of the
Rochester Computer Society
on
04-12-2016




Our how-to document
on
"Using the Task Manager in a Windows Computer"
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Task_Manager/Task_Manager.pdf


Virtual
Technology
Conference 20
of the
Association
of PC
User Groups

(APCUG)
on
05-07-2016
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
11-28-2015


Circle.gif is a file for checking the aspect ratio for a computer monitor.



General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-21-2011


Our how-to documentation
on
"Moving Your Monitor-Keyboard-Mouse Farther Away From Your Computer"
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Redmere/redmere-etc.pdf




USB 3 extension cables work fine for extending USB 2 devices
such as USB keyboards, USB mice, USB Webcams,
USB 2 flash drives, USB 2 external hard drives, and USB 2 external hard drive enclosures.

However, for USB 3 external hard drives and USB 3 external hard drive enclosures,
you will have to determine if a specific model works with a USB 3 extersion cable.
To do so, you can use the free "USBTreeView" program
to view the stablity and signalling rate of a specific USB 3 external hard drive
or a specific USB 3 hard drive enclosure.
To download "USBTreeView", go to the bottom of the Web page at

http://www.uwe-sieber.de/usbtreeview_e.html

Then read the rest of the Web page for instructions on using this useful software utility.
"USBTreeView" is especially useful for detecting problems with USB 3 ports
and USB 3 devices.


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-02-2015




To determine which Internet Service Provider you are using
and it's "Autonomous System Number" (= "ASN" = wide area network number):
go to
http://www.whatismyasn.org/

To look up the Internet Service Provider than belongs to a
specific "Autonomous System Number":
go to
http://mxtoolbox.com/asn.aspx


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-02-2015



Email in Windows 10
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10-email.pdf





General Meetings
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
10-19-2015
and on
09-21-2015
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-25-2015
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
09-02-2015


REMOVING MALWARE FROM A "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER

Our high-level explanation of malware removal is available at
http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/malwarecleanup/malware.pdf




Malware often "hides" in hidden files and folders so please make sure
that your computer is displaying hidden files and file extensions
by following our procedure in how how-to document called
"Some Simple Techniques For Making 'Windows..' Easier To Use"
at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/win-easier1.pdf



A Technician's "Recipe" That Contains a Standardized Procedure
for Removing Malware:


Our how-to document on a
Procedure for Cleaning a Virus/Malware-Infected Computer,
which is based on a presentation made by Harry Elver of Tucson, Arizona,
is very similar to the advice in a article in "PC World" magazine entitled
How to Remove Malware From Your Windows PC.




Our advice on
Using Free Rescue Disks To Remove Malware
can be found at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/malwarecleanup/rescue_disks.pdf

To use these free rescue CDs/DVDs/USB flash drives, you might have to
configure the BIOS or UEFI of your "Windows.." computer
so that it will boot up from one of these devices.

See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/BIOStoUEFI/BIOStoUEFI.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California on
05-23-2015

"RANSOMWARE" MALWARE REMOVAL

"Ransomware" is malware that takes over your computer or part of your computer
and offers to give you back access to it when you pay a ransom fee.
In a "Windows.." computer, some of the more benign variants of "ransomware"
can be removed by booting up the computer in "Safe Mode".

The more sophisicated instances of "ransomware" can only be removed
by booting up with a free bootable "rescue media" CD-R disc, DVD-R disc,
or USB flash drive.
For details about removing "ransomware" see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/malwarecleanup/ransomware.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California on
05-23-2015

A Technician's "Recipe" That Contains a Standardized Procedure for Removing Malware:

Our how-to document on a
Procedure for Cleaning a Virus/Malware-Infected Computer,
which is based on a presentation made by Harry Elver of Tucson, Arizona,
is very similar to the advice in a article in "PC World" magazine entitled
How to Remove Malware From Your Windows PC.




Using the Virus/Malware Cleanup Procedure To Remove the First Version of the "FBI PC Lock Ransomware"

Another Example of the Virus/Malware Cleanup Procedure

Removal of "Win32/WinMaximizer" Malware from a "Windows 7.." Computer


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California on
05-23-2015
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California on
09-27-2014
and
Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
01-02-2013




http://www.txtdrop.com/
can often send text messages to the email addresses of cell phones
when your regular email service is unable to do so.


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
on
03-04-2015


WORKAROUND FOR UPDATING FIRMWARE AND MAPS IN "GARMIN" GPS DEVICES

Garmin's GPS devices are some of best that are available.
However, the two software utilities that they provide for updating the firmware
and maps in their devices are problematic:

"Garmin Express" software fails to install map and firmware updates
when it is run by itself.
After you start up this program, it tells you to attach your Garmin GPS device
to your "Windows.." or Mac "OS X" computer by means of a USB cable.
After you do so, all map and firmware updates fail to complete!!

Garmin's "WebUpdater" software is able to install firmware upgrades
for a Garmin GPS device.
However, it does not have the ability to install map updates.

In order to install both firmware updates and map updates
into a Garmin GPS device, you have to use both "Webupdater"
to update the device's firmware.
Then, you can use "Garmin Express" to update the device's maps.

For details about the above-mentioned annoyances,
see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/GPS/Garmin-problems.pdf


Future Meeting
of the
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
on
03-04-2015


Installing a PCie-type Controller Into a "Windows.." Computers:

You can procure and install a PCIe-type USB 3 controller card
to add USB 3 ports to either a "Windows.." computer that does not have any USB 3 ports
or to add more USB 3 ports to a "Windows.." computer.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/USB3/USB3-adapters.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
02-04-2015



hwinfo32 and hwinfo64

are free diagnostic programs for hardware problems in Windows...
Their impressive history can be seen at
http://www.hwinfo.com/txt/History3264.txt


Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-03-2014
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
06-28-2014

ENERGY MANAGEMENT FOR YOUR "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER:
A COMPARISON OF SLEEP, HYBRID SLEEP, AND HIBERNATE:


See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/energy-mgt/energy-mgt-Wiin.pdf




Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
07-02-2014


Virtual Fax Machine inside Your Computer:

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM "WINDOWS.."

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM MAC "OS X"

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM "UBUNTU" GNU/LINUX



Windows 8.1 /
Hardware SIG
on
10-02-2013

Temporary Workarounds For Accessing Inaccessible Web Sites
With A Web Browser:


Sometimes you can use free or not-free Virtual Private Network (VPN) services
to tunnel around your broadband Internet provider's router throttling, blockages
and slowdowns.
Here in Tucson, Arizona, when our Comcast Cable broadband has slowdowns
in their Pima, Arizona router node,
we have a 50 percent chance of partially restoring our download and upload speeds
by using the free version of
"Hotspot Shield" to tunnel past this occasionally-problematic router node.

Sometimes when a Website is inaccessible with a Web browser,
we can temporarily access it using the Web site's IP address
instead of its regular URL address, as described in our "how-to" document entitled
Workarounds For Temporary DNS Failures On The World Wide Web.


Windows 8.1 /
Hardware SIG
on
09-04-2013

Email Basics


General Meeting
of the
Los Angeles
Computer Society

on
08-13-2013
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
06-17-2013
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
on
03-06-2013


Free Software and Free Online Storage Space


Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
on
08-07-2013
and
Virtual Technology Conference 8
of
APCUG
on
08-03-2013
and
General Meeting
on
06-17-2013
and
Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
on
06-05-2013

Tucson Area Police and Fire Scanners

http://tucson.com/online/multimedia/tucson-com-radio-scanners/html_82940c5a-03df-11df-8899-001cc4c03286.html

https://www.broadcastify.com/listen/mid/68

http://www.policescannerfeeds.net/pima-county-arizona-tucson-police-ems-scanner-feed/

http://www.policescannerfeeds.net/




Police-scanner sites see surge in traffic after Boston

Will the Boston Bombings Kill the Public Police Scanner?

Why are police scanners open to the public?


Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
on
06-05-2013

Virtual Fax Machine inside Your Computer:

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM MAC "OS X"

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM "UBUNTU" GNU/LINUX

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM "WINDOWS.."



GPS Receiver Inside Your Computer:

GPS RECEPTION FROM "UBUNTU" GNU/LINUX

GPS RECEPTION FROM "WINDOWS.."





Karaoke Machines Inside Your Computer:

NON-PROFESSIONAL KARAOKE FILE FORMATS: kar and midi / mid

LEGAL ISSUES AND GUIDELINES FOR KARAOKE

KARAOKE FOR MAC "OS X"

KARAOKE FOR "UBUNTU" GNU/LINUX

KARAOKE FOR "WINDOWS.."-PART 1

KARAOKE FOR "WINDOWS.."-PART 2



Television inside Your Computer:

TV INSIDE YOUR "WINDOWS.." PC OR "OS X" MAC

TV INSIDE YOUR "UBUNTU" GNU/LINUX COMPUTER




Virtual Machines Inside Your Computer:

INSTALLING AND USING VIRTUAL MACHINES



Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
on
05-01-2013
and
Computer
Technology
Conference

on
04-04-2013

Some useful printable paper rulers can be found at
http://www.vendian.org/mncharity/dir3/paper_rulers

In order to print an accurate ruler, you have to select the "Actual Size" radio button
in the "Print" dialog box BEFORE clicking on the "Print" button.

Step-by-step instructions for downloading and printing "printable rulers".


Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
on
09-05-2012


For some free printable rulers, see http://www.vendian.org/mncharity/dir3/paper_rulers/

(Do not set your printer for "fit to page" prior to printing these rulers!)



Windows 8 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
06-06-2012


Using Legacy Fax Machines, Fax Modems, and Credit Card Machines
on "Voice Over IP"(VOIP) Phone Lines


Analog Telephone Adapter for Attaching Legacy Telephone to a VOIP Phone Line


Robert Thompson

Opening a Mystery File


Windows 8/
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
10-05-2011



List of Device Bit Rates



Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
on
08-03-2011


Use the free bcTester software program
and/or the
bcWebCam software program to "read" "QR Codes".

To create "QR Codes", use the Web-based online service at
http://qrcode.kaywa.com/
or
http://www.mobile-barcodes.com/qr-code-generator/

To learn more about "QR Codes", see
http://techie-buzz.com/softwares/read-qr-codes-on-pc.html
and
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/QR_code


Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
on
05-04-2011

Circle.gif is a file for checking the aspect ratio for a computer monitor.


"LillyPond" music notation and "engraving" software was recommended by Board
member Paul Scott.

"MuseScore" music notation software was recommended by Board member Paul
Scott.


General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-21-2011


Adding Hard Drives

Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
07-07-2010


Databases at the Pima County Public Library (PDF)


General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
05-17-2010


d