Meeting Notes

 


Here are notes, Web links, and videos from our meetings:




Subject/Title Meeting
& Date

A Comparison Between the Apple iPhone 14 and the Samsung S22
is available at
http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/iPhone14vsS22.pdf



Relocate Your Document and Photo Files to a Bigger Drive
is explained at

http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/known-folders-relocate/to-another-drive

Simple techniques for making your "Windows.." computer easier to use
are explained at

http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/win-easier1.pdf



"CrystalDiskInfo Portable"
is available for free at

https://portableapps.com/apps/utilities/crystaldiskinfo_portable

"CrystalDiskMark Portable"
is available for free at

https://portableapps.com/apps/utilities/crystaldiskmark_portable

Upgrading from a 2.5-in. SATA SSD to an M.2 NVME SSD
is explained at

http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/m.2-upgrade/M.2-upgrade.pdf




You can dispense wih the complexity of dual-booting by installing Linux on an extenal USB hard drive or an extenal USB SSD. Then, if you set USB drives to have a higher boot priority relative to the existing Windows hard drive, you computer will boot up into Linux whenever the USB drive that has Linux installed in it is attahed to a USB port of the computer
as explained at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/linuxsig/boot-up-options/Linux-boot-up-Win-PC.pdf:




A detailed description of the
Four Types of Software Apps in a Windows.. computer
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/program-types-win.pdf

The "uninstaller" wizards that are bundled with most "Desktop apps" and "Windows Apps"
leave all sorts of junk in both your Registry of "Windows.." and on your C: hard drive:
To do a really clean uninstall of a "desktop app" or a "Windows app"
in a "Windows.." computer,
use the free "Revo Uninstaller Portable" program.

See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/uninstaller/RevoUninstallerPortable.pdf To make a desktop shortcut to a "Windows App", you have to use the
shell:appsfolder
command from a "Run" box,
as explained step-by-step at
https://www.techrepublic.com/article/how-to-use-the-shell-command-to-view-all-your-applications-in-file-explorer/

Malware often "hides" in hidden files and folders so please make sure
that your computer is displaying hidden files and file extensions
by following our procedure in how how-to document called
"Some Simple Techniques For Making 'Windows..' Easier To Use"
at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/win-easier1.pdf

General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
09-19-2022



USING YOUR WINDOWS.. OR LINUX COMPUTER, YOU CAN TAKE CONTROL OF AN ANDROID CELL PHONE
Using two no-cost software apps, an Android cell phone will show up in a Windows 11 or 10 computer or in a Linux computer as a window that looks exactly like the screen of the Android phone. From this window, you can make and receive phone calls and text messages and operate all of the apps that are inside the cell phone:

1--CONTROLLING AN ANDROID CELL PHONE FROM A WINDOWS.. OR LINUX.. COMPUTER:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/pc-control/1-control-android-from-Win-or-Linux.pdf

2A--CONTROLLING AN ANDROID CELL PHONE USING "PHONE LINK" IN A "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER WITH THE CELL PHONE CONNECTED VIA Wi-Fi TO A LOCAL ROUTER:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/pc-control/2-a-PhoneLink-via-Wi-Fi-to-router.pdf

2B--CONTROLLING AN ANDROID CELL PHONE USING "PHONE LINK" IN A "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER WITH THE CELL PHONE CONNECTED WITH AN ETHERNET DONGLE TO A LOCAL ROUTER:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/pc-control/2-b-PhoneLink-via-enet-to-router.pdf

2C--CONTROLLING AN ANDROID CELL PHONE USING "PHONE LINK" IN A "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER, WITH THE WITH THE "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER AND THE CELL PHONE CONNECTED TO EACH OTHER OVER THE INTERNET, AND WITH THE CELL PHONE CONNECTED TO THE INTERNET USING IT'S "DATA PLAN":
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/pc-control/2-c-PhoneLink-via-DataPlan.pdf

3--CONTROLLING AN ANDROID CELL PHONE USING "scrcpy" IN WINDOWS.. OR LINUX:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/pc-control/3-control-android-with-scrcpy.pdf



The newer "Universal Windows Platform" Apps (such as the "Phone Link" app in Windows 11 or 10) will not allow you to right click on them to place a shortcut into the Windows 11, 10, or 8 "Desktop".
To create shortcuts to all apps in Windows 11,10, or 8, you have to run "shell:appsfolder" in a "Run" command box
as explained at
https://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/pc-control/Making-Shortcuts-to-apps-in-Win11&10&8.pdf



Microsoft's "Phone Link" app is demonstrated by Hewie Poplock in a YouTube video
located at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O4YBr_jd1IA


PC-Tech Users Group
of
Burnt Hills, NY
on
06-15-2022
and
General Meeting of the
Central Florida Computer Society
on
06-12-2022
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
11-15-2021



USING ZOOM'S "TAKE CONTROL" OR "MICROSOFT'S "QUICK ASSIST" OR MICROSOFT'S "REMOTE ASSISTANCE" TO HELP SOMEONE WITH THEIR "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER
You can use your Zoom's "Take Control" feature or Microsoft's "Quick Assist" or Microsoft's "Remote Assistance" app to help a Windows.. computer user without being physically present at their home or business.
--For information on Zoom's "Take Control" feature
please see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/remote-assistance/Zoom-remote-control.pdf

--For information on the bundled Windows' "Quick Assist" capability
please see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/remote-assistance/Quick-Assist.pdf

--For information on the bundled Windows' "Remote Assistance" capability
please see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/remote-assistance/MicrosoftRemoteAssistance.pdf

--The newer "Universal Windows Platform" Apps (such as the "Quick Assist" app) will not allow you to right click on them to place a shortcut into the Windows 11, 10, or 8 "Desktop".
To create shortcuts to all apps in Windows 11,10, or 8, you have to run "shell:appsfolder" in a "Run" command box
as explained at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/remote-assistance/Making-Shortcuts-to-apps-in-Win11&10&8.pdf


General Meeting of the
Pikes Peak Computer Application Society
of
Colorado Springs, CO
on 06-04-2022
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
11-15-2021



Powerline Networking is now as fast as wired Ethernet Cat 5/6/7/8 cabling
if:
1) you use the latest models of Powerline Networking adapters
AND
2) you learn a little about electrical circult breaker panels,
as explained at
https://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/windhardsig/networks/powerline/powerline.pdf
with our latest "YouTube" video located at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xeNoIeQl8BA

If the lights on both ends of a "Powerline networking" link light up and your Windows.. computer is still not connected to the Internet, reset the Ethernet adapter in the "Network and Sharing Center" to get it working
as explained at
https://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/windhardsig/networks/powerline/powerline-force-on.pdf




General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
04-18-2022



To do any serious work with an Android app, you will probably have to run it inside a "Windows.." computer: Here are the ways that you can do it now and in the future
as explained at
https://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/windhardsig/Android-emulate/AndroidAppsInWindows.pdf.pdf


General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
04-18-2022


The "Attempt Data Rescue" option inside the "GPartEd" in various "distros" of Linux.. can often fix NTFS hard drives from Windows.. computers
as explained at
https://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/windhardsig/harddrives/repairing/GParted/GParted-repair-NTSF-hd.pdf
and
https://allthings.how/how-to-fix-a-broken-windows-ntfs-partition-in-ubuntu-and-windows-dual-boot/


General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
04-18-2022


Dr. Ron Brown presented on the "Virtual Reality for Seniors" at the General Meeting of the Tucson Computer Society on March 21, 2022.
A YouTube video of this presentation is available at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9bcij3TuqzY

George Harding presented on the "Consumer Electronics Show 2022" at the General Meeting of the Tucson Computer Society on March 21, 2022.
A YouTube video of this presentation is available at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sbTfUpk61p0

Installing an Over-The-Air TV tuner connected to the free Kaffeine app running inside Zorin OS Linux (free version), running inside "VMware Workstation 16 Player" (free), running inside a real "Windows 11" or "Windows 10" computer
is explained at
https://apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/Kaffeine/Kaffeine-Zorin-vm.pdf



General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
03-21-2022


Andres Onate, Ph.D. of the University of Arizona presented on the "Economy of China" at the Computer Pros SIG of the Tucson Computer Society on March 17, 2022.
A YouTube video of this presentation is available at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dqwajvHNXkM


Computer Pros SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
03-17-2022



Installing an Over-The-Air TV tuner connected to the free Kaffeine app running inside Zorin OS Linux (free version) running inside "VMware Workstation 16 Player" (free) running inside your real "Windows 11" or "Windows 10" computer
is explained at
https://apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/Kaffeine/Kaffeine-Zorin-vm.pdf


General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
03-21-2022



Understanding and Troubleshooting Wi-Fi Extenders and Wi-Fi Mesh Networks
is available in four parts at
http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/1-Wi-Fi-basics.pdf
and
http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/2-mesh-and-extender.pdf
and
http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/3-Wi-Fi-advice.pdf
and
http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/4-USB-Wi-Fi-adapters.pdf



You might be able to speed up your Windows.. or MacOS.. computer's wireless Wi-Fi connection by installing a USB "Wi-Fi 6" adapter or a PCIe "Wi-Fi 6E adapter
as explained at
http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/4-USB-Wi-Fi-adapters.pdf
for advice on USB "Wi-Fi 6" adapters
and
https://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi/Win11-to-Wi-Fi6E.pdf
for advice on PCIe "Wi-Fi 6E" adapters




Network strategies for both wired local networking, "wired equivalent" networking, and wireless Wi-Fi networking
are available at
https://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/network-strategies.pdf


General Meeting
of the
Madison PC Users Group
on
03-09-2022


1: Cell Phones Overview:

See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cell-phone-overview.pdf



2: Cell Phone Navigation Apps:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/2-cell-phone-map.apps.pdf

3: 5G Emerging
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/3-5G.pdf

4: 5G Marketing
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/4-5G-marketing.pdf

9: Android Cell Phones Versus iPhones
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/9-Android-cell phones-vs.pdf

10: Cell Phone Problems
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/10-cell-phone-problems.pdf

11: Cellular 911
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/11-cellular-911.pdf

12: 3G Shutdown
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/12-3G-shutdown.pdf

13: Cell Phone Tracking
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cell-phone-tracking.pdf

20: 5G Fixed Wireless Access
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/FWA/20-5G-FWA-home.pdf




Using an iPhone:

See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/iPhone-using.pdf

Using an Android phone:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/AndroidPhone-using.pdf




Cellular Service Analysis:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cellular-analysis.pdf

Use the "nPerf" app or Web site to get a street-level map to show which cell carrier has 5G/4G/3G/2G service at a specific location:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/5Gvs4G-maps.pdf map.pdf

Determining of a 5G cell phone is running 5G or 4G:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cell-phone-running-5G-or-4G.pdf map.pdf




Cell Phone Screenshots:
Most small cell phones let you take a photo of the entire touch-screen.
This let's you make a permanent record of what you saw on the screen at a certain point in time at a certain location.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cell-phone-screenshots



Cell Phone to Camera Adapter:
A cell phone to camera adapter is an external add-on device that connects to your cell phone.
The adapter then provides you with a USB port that you can use to connect to a camera,
a USB-to-Ethernet adapter, or an SD/SDHC reader.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cell-phone-to-camera-adapter.pdf



Cell Phone Wallet Apps:
A wallet app lets you make both in-person "Point of Sale" purchases and online purchases.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cell-phone-wallet-apps.pdf



Print from a Cell Phone:
You can print from a cell phone to a printer that is connected to your local network:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/print-from cell phone.pdf



Tethering A Cell Phone :
If your cell phone has a "data plan", you can use it to provide an Internet connection
for a computer, a tablet, or another cell phone, or some routers.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cell-phone-tethering.pdf

You can tether an Android cell phone to another device so that it provides Internet access
for the other device if your Android cell phone has a data plan, a Wi-Fi connection to a Wi-Fi router,
or both a data plan AND a Wi-Fi connection to a Wi-Fi router.
You can only tether an "iPhone" cell phone that has a "data plan"
to provide Internet connectivity for a computer, tablet, or another cell phone.
If you "iPhone" does not have a "data plan" and it only connects to the Internet by means of Wi-Fi
to a wireless router or a "hotspot",
you cannot tether it to provide Internet connectivity for a computer, tablet, or another cell phone.





Burner Phones and Burner Phone Apps:
A "burner phone" is either a cheap, throwaway cell phone or a not-free app that gives you temporary,
no-caller-ID phone numbers for your existing cell phone.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/burner-phones.pdf




Vertical Service Codes:
"Vertical service codes" have various functions such as:
--suppress the display of your phone number at the caller ID device or cell phone of the called party
--determine the radio frequencies that your cell phone is transmitting and receiving at.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/vertical-service-codes.pdf



Cell Phone Problems:
When the call center agent of a cell phone carrier configures your new cell phone,
they can misconfigure it and turn your shiny new cell phone into a useless brick.
Therefore, you need to run a few tests of any cell phone that has been recently configured by a cell phone carrier.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cell-phone-problems.pdf

"Sideloading" Apps into Cell Phones:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/Sideloading.pdf


General Meeting
of the
Computer Booters of Sun Lakes, AZ
on
03-09-2022
and
Cell Phones & Tablets Meeting
of the
Wisconsin All-computer Users Club
on
02-25-2021
and
General Meeting of the
Central Florida Computer Society
on 12-13-2020
and
Meeting of the
PCBUG-Naples Technology User Group
on 07-16-2020
and
Windows 10 / Hardware SIG of the Tucson Computer Society on 07-16-2020
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Costa Mesa,
California
on
03-20-2019


Microsoft's bundled "Your Phone" app running inside Windows 11 and Windows 10 lets you use a Windows 11 or 10 computer to completely control an Android cell phone that has the "Your Phone Companion" app running inside it.
The entire screen of your Android cell phone is displayed in the monitor of the Windows 10 computer.
This useful feaature only works between Android cell phones and Windows.. computers.
It does not work between iPhones and Windows.. computers.
******************
In a Windows 10 computer, "Your Phone" is a bundled Windows 11 and 10 app.
A "sister app" called "Your Phone Companion" is available in most Android cell phones.
**************
In most non-Samsung Android cell phones, you will find a "Your Phone Companion" app in the Apps screens.
If you do not find it in a non-Samsung Android cell phone, you can install it from the Google "Play Store" where it is listed as "Your Phone Companion" when you search for it.
**************
In recent models of Samsung cell phones, you use the bundled "Link to Windows" app to run and control the bundled "Your Phone Companion" app.
However, in recent models of Samsung cell phones, the "Your Phone" is not shown in the Apps screens, even though the bundled "Your Phone" app is installed into recent models of Samsung at the factory during the manufacturing process.
In recent models of Samsung cell phones, "Link to Windows" and "Your Phone" both show up in the Apps list in Settings where they show up as separate apps.
In a Samsung cell phone, "Link to Windows" only shows up in the "Quick Settings" screens:
To get into the Quick Settings screens of a Samsung cell phone, swipe down twice from the top of the screen.
Apparently, in recent models of Samsung cell phones, "Link to Windows" is a bundled, mandatory, and unremovable "front end" "graphical user interface" for controlling the "Your Phone" app which is also a bundled, mandatory, and unremovable but "stealth" app.
**************
Microsoft's information about "Your Phone"
is available at
https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/topic/make-and-receive-phone-calls-from-your-pc-21564230-abf6-f2bb-c7b7-1b15570662f5
**************
Regardless of whether you have Samsung Android cell phone or a non-Samsung Android cell phone, the procedure for fixing a non-working "Your Phone" connection between an Android cell phone and a Windows 10 computer
is available at
https://www.guidingtech.com/fix-windows-10-your-phone-app-not-working-issue/


Using multiple Internet providers for your computer
is explained at
https://apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/multihoming.pdf

To see if T-Mobile's Fixed 5G Internet is are available at your home location, go to
https://www.t-mobile.com/isp
Their Nokia gateway device connects to their cell towers
as explained at
https://www.t-mobile.com/isp/gateway

General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
02-21-2022
and
10-18-2021


Using Webcams to Spy on Something
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/webcam-using.pdf

Using Remote Access To Control Another Computer On Your Local Network
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/remote-access.pdf
Remote access is a convenient way for you to use one computer to view a Webcam
that is attached to another computer, if both computers are attached to the same router.

Using Remote Access via TightVNC's free "VNC Server" and UltraVNC's "VNC Viewer"
To Control Another Computer On Your Local Network

is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/remote-access-VNC.pdf

Using Remote Access via Microsoft's bundled "Remote Access Protocol"
To Control Another Computer On Your Local Network

is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/remote-access-RDP.pdf

Using a Cell Phone as a Webcam for a Windows.. computer
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/cell-phone-as-cam-for-Win.pdf

Using a Cell Phone as a Webcam for a macOS computer
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/cell-phone-as-cam-for-Mac.pdf

Using Skype's Auto-Answer Capability to Communicate with your Dog, Cat, or Small Child
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/Skype-auto-answer.pdf

Using Zoom's Auto-Answer Capability to Communicate with your Dog, Cat, or Small Child
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/Zoom-auto-answer.pdf
Zoom's auto-answer capability is not available in their free accounts.
Their auto-answer is only availabe in their "Pro", "Corporate", or "Zoom Room" accounts.

Using a USB Webcam and various free and not-free software apps in a "Windows..", Mac, or Linux computer is the lowest-cost way for you to have a motion detection security system that records video and sound and optionally can notify you via email or text messages:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/Apps-for-USB-Webcams.pdf

The "uninstaller" wizards that are bundled with most "Desktop apps" and "Windows Apps"
leave all sorts of junk in both your Registry of "Windows.." and on your C: hard drive:
To do a really clean uninstall of a "desktop app" or a "Windows app"
in a "Windows.." computer,
use the free "Revo Uninstaller Portable" program.

See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/uninstaller/RevoUninstallerPortable.pdf

Using "Contacam" to Send Video Motion Alerts to your Cell Phone(s) and Email Addresses
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/Video-alerts-Contacam.pdf

Using a "Wyze Cam" to Send Video Motion Alerts,
Perform Cloud Storage of Video Motion Recordings, and To Do Local 24-hour Video Recordings

is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/Wyze-Cam.pdf


Hardening a video surveillance and associated network system to pro-actively improve it's effectiveness against criminal activity
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/hardening-vs-vandalism.pdf



Use multiple routers to protect your home or small business network
against the security vulnerabilities of "Internet of Things" ("IoT") devices:

For a level of security that is better than a single router, use three routers as follows:

Router 1 = "Border router" connects to the Internet provider.

Router 2 = "IoT router" is used to connect to cloud-connected security cameras,
cloud-connected motion detection devices, smart refrigerators, smart TVs, video doorbells,
smart thermostats, cloud-based voice-operated assistants, etc.

Router 3 = "Trusted router" is used to connect to your most-secure computers,
Network-Attached Storage devices, home servers, etc.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/routers/routers-2plus.pdf


Meeting of the
PCBUG-Naples Technology User Group
on 02-17-2022
and
General Meeting
of the
Prescott Computer Society
on
06-12-2021
and
Meeting
of
Sterling Heights Computer Club
on
04-06-2021
and
General Meeting
of
Komputer
Enthusiasts
of
Greater
Seattle
(KEGS)

on
02-08-2016
and
Virtual Technology Conference 18
of
APCUG
on
11-07-2015
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
on
11-04-2015


The YouTube video of Ron Brown's informative presentation on
"Making faster Internet speed with your Modem and Router"
can be found at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g7ZZtcWIsVs



General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
01-17-2022


The YouTube video of Judy Taylour's informative presentation on
"All Things Google"
can be found at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sRBys2hFoIs




General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
12-20-2021



A YouTube video of our presentation on Microsoft's "Windows 11"
can be found at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ohT-A19hjxk

TO DETERMINE IF YOUR EXISTING "WINDOWS 10.." COMPUTER CAN RUN "WINDOWS 11.." WITHOUT MUCH OF A STRUGGLE,
download and run
Microsoft's free "PC Health Check" app at
https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/windows-11#pchealthcheck

1-A FIRST LOOK AT "WINDOWS 11":
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win11/1-Win11basics.pdf

2-Windows 11's New Features
are explained at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win11/2-Win11-new_features.pdf

3-Windows 11's Deprecated Features
are explained at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win11/3-Win11-deprecated.pdf

4-Actions for Resolving Hardware Incompabilities for Upgrading to "Windows 11"
are described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win11/4-Win11-resolving-incompatible.pdf

5-Information on purchasing an activation key for "Windows 11"
or purchasing a computer with "Windows 11" installed inside it

is described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win11/5-Win11-purchase.pdf

6-Hacks to force an incompatible computer to upgrade from "Windows 10" to "Windows 11"
are described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win11/6-Hacks-force-Win11-upgrade.pdf

      AveYo's "skip_tpm_check.cmd" script
      is available at
      http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win11/6-hacks/skip_tpm_check.zip

      Step-by-step instructions for using AveYo's "skip_tpm_check.cmd" script
      are available at
      http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win11/6A-AveYo-force-Win11-upgrade.pdf

      Step-by-step instructions for using coofcookie's "Windows11Upgrade_CZ" app
      are available at
      http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win11/6A-coofcookie-force-Win11-upgrade.pdf

7-Installing "Windows 11" into a Virtual Machine in an incompatible computer
are described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win11/7-Win11-into-vm-noncompliant.pdf

8-Strategies for dealing with
the October 14, 2025 "End of Life" for "Windows 10"

are described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win11/8-Win10-EOL-strategies.pdf

9-The installation process for Windows 11..
is described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win11/9-Win11-fresh-install.pdf

If you install a fresh copy of "Windows 11"
into a computer with a motherboard that does not already have a digital license
for the exact edition of "Windows 11" that you have just installed,
you can usually activate your fresh copy of "Windows 10" by using an available activation key
from a corresponding purchased copy of "Windows 7", "Windows 8", "Windows 8.1", "Windows 10", or "Windows 11".

For more details on how activation works for both "Windows 11" and "Windows 10"
please see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win11/activation/win11&10activation.pdf



"Windows.." Operating System Numbering
is explained at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win11/WindowsOSnumbering.pdf



The "uninstaller" wizards that are bundled with most "Desktop apps"
(that "Programs and Features" in the Control Panel utilizes to remove software)
leave all sorts of junk in both your Registry of "Windows.." and on your C: hard drive:
To do a really clean uninstall of a "desktop app" or a "Universal Windows Platform app"
in a "Windows.." computer,
use the free "Revo Uninstaller Portable" program.

See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/uninstaller/RevoUninstallerPortable.pdf



Simple techniques for making your "Windows.." computer easier to use
are explained at

http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/win-easier1.pdf



There are three kinds of apps (= programs) inside your Windows 11, 10, or 8 computer:
UWP Apps, Legacy Programs, and Portable Apps
as explained at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/email/UWP-vs-legacy-apps.pdf

To make a desktop shortcut to a UWP app, you have to use the
shell:appsfolder command,
as explained step-by-step at
https://www.techrepublic.com/article/how-to-use-the-shell-command-to-view-all-your-applications-in-file-explorer/



Program Meeting
of the
Rochester Computer Society
on
12-14-2021
and
General Meeting of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
10-18-2021
and
Meeting
of the
Sun City Center Computer Club
of
Florida,
California
on
10-13-2021 and
Meeting
of the
South East Michigan Computer Organization
on
10-10-2021



Using the free "Google Duo" app to communicate between any two devices:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/GoogleDuo/GoogleDuo.pdf

Using the free "Google Duo" Web site to communicate from a Windows.. computer
is explained at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/GoogleDuo/GoogleDuoDemo.pdf


General Meeting of the
Regal Mesa Technology Users Group
on
12-16-2021
and
Computer Pros SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
12-18-2019


To avoid paying for "Microsoft Office..", you can use free office software "suites".
For ease of use and compatibility with "Microsoft Office.." file formats, "SoftMaker FreeOffice" is the best.
For "bells and whistles" features, "LibreOffice" is the best and it is bundled in with most distros of Linux.
However, "LibreOffice" is not as compatible with "Microsoft Office.." file formats as "FreeOffice".

For our detailed how-to advice,
please see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/office/alt-office-suites.pdf

Sample files for testing the compatibility of free office alternatives,
can be downloaded from
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/office/sample-Office-files/sampleOfficefiles.zip

Our comparisons of "SoftMaker FreeOffice" and "LibreOffice" to "Microsoft Office"
are described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/office/comparing-office-suites.pdf

Step-by-step instructions for installing "SoftMaker FreeOffice"
are available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/office/FreeOffice-install.pdf


General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
11-15-2021


A YouTube video of my presentation of the below presentation slides to the Dayton Microcomputer Association on June 12, 2021

is available at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XLDHo_weBhY

0-Virtual Machines--An Overview
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/virtualnetworks/0-virtual-machines-overview.pdf

1-A Comparison Of Free "Virtual Machine Programs" For Your Real "Windows.." Computer
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/virtualnetworks/1-comparison-vm-programs.pdf

2-Installing Free "Virtual Machine Programs" For Your Real "Windows.." Computer
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/virtualnetworks/2-installing-vm-programs.pdf

Virtual Networks In Virtual Machine Programs
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/virtualnetworks/virtualnetworks-Windows.pdf

Copying or Moving VMware Virtual Machines
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/virtualnetworks/movingVMwareVMs.pdf

Copying or Moving VirtualBox Virtual Machines
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/virtualnetworks/movingVirtualBoxVMs.pdf

Copying or Moving Hyper-V Virtual Machines
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/virtualnetworks/movingHyper-V-VMs.pdf

Advice on Using the "Quick Create" App
that is bundled with Hyper-V

is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/virtualnetworks/QuickCreate.pdf


General Membership Meeting
of the
Dayton Microcomputer Association
on
05-25-2021
and
General Meeting
of the
Western
New York
Computer
Society

on
06-24-2014
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
05-01-2013
and
Computer
Technology
Conference

on
04-04-2013


A YouTube video of TCS's General Meeting
on September 20, 2021

with Jere Minich presenting on three topics
is available at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hNXbkMH1_w8

Tune Up Your Windows PC by Jere Minich
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/2021-09-20/TuneupyourWindowsPCSept2021ShortFinala.pdf20212.pdf

Troubleshooting Windows 10 by Jere Minich
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/2021-09-20/TroubleshootingWindows10Sept2021short.pdf

How To Save $$$ on Ink by Jere Minich
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/2021-09-20/HowtoSave$$$onInKSept2021Finaladjusted.pdf



Free Up The C: Drive in "Windows 10"
is explained at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/free-up-C-drive/win10-free-up-C-drive.pdf


General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
09-20-2021


For basic general instructions on how prepare "target" files and/or folders in your Windows.. computer so that other computers that are connected to the same router can access your "target" shared files and/or folders,
see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/FileSharing/0-prep-file-or-folder-sharing-in-Win.pdf

For basic general instructions on how to use a "Windows.. " computer
to access files and/or folders that are shared from another "Windows.." computer that is connected to the same router,

see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/FileSharing/1-basics-share-Win.pdf

For basic general instructions on how to use a "Linux" computer
to access files and/or folders that are shared from a "Windows.." computer,
and vice versa,

see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/FileSharing/2-share-files-Win-and-Linux.pdf

For step-by-step instructions on how to use a "Windows XP" computer to access files and/or folders that are shared from a "Windows 10" computer,
see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/FileSharing/3-XP-access-Win10-share.pdf



General Meeting of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-20-2020
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
Feb. 24, 2018


For detailed advice on
Troubleshooting Printer Problems in a "Windows.." computer,
see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/printers/printer-fix-win.pdf

For our advice on
Troubleshooting Printer Problems in a "MacOS" computer,
see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/printers/printer-fix-mac.pdf

Issues and Workarounds for Setting Up Printers:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/printers/printers--workarounds.pdf

If you are unable to make changes to a printer in a printer inside "Devices and Printers"
in Windows 7, 8.1, or 10, locate and click on the "Change Properties" button for the printer:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/printers/Change-Properties-button-Win.pdf

If your printer is backed up with a stack of print jobs, here is a procedure
for you to clear out the pile of pending print jobs
in a Windows.. computer:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/printers/Print-queue-win.pdf




General Meeting
of the
Wisconsin All-Computer Users Club
on
07-05-2018
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
04-28-2018
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
01-02-2013



October 19, 2021: Ubuntu Desktop 21.10 is the first Linux distro that is able to make a 6 GHz "Wi-Fi 6E" connection to a "Wi-Fi 6E" router!

"Early Use of Wi-Fi 6E" is a description of our struggles to use the new 6 Gigahertz frequencies for "Windows 10", "Windows 11", and "Ubuntu Desktop 21.10 computers to connect to newly-introduced Wi-Fi routers:
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi/Wi-Fi-6E-early-use.pdf

"For our advice on using a "Windows 10" computer to connect to Wi-Fi 6E routers,
please see

http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi/Win10-to-Wi-Fi6E.pdf

"For our advice on using a "Windows 11" computer to connect to Wi-Fi 6Erouters,
please see

http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi/Win11-to-Wi-Fi6E.pdf



The Wi-Fi Alliance's certifications process for "Wi-fi 6E" 6 Gigahertz RF band products
as they move from development to actual retail shipments.

See
http://aztcs/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi6E-certifications.pdf

Wi-Fi 6E will alleviate RF congestion by providing new channels in the 6 Gigahertz radio band:
http://aztcs/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi6E.pdf

Wi-Fi 6 versus Wi-Fi 5 versus 802.11n versus Gigabit Ethernet:
http://aztcs/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi6vs5vs4vsGigEnet.pdf



Using the free "Speedtest.net" apps or Website to measure Internet Speeds
To Remediate Bottlenecks In Your Local Network:


Your broadband Internet download and upload speeds will usually be much slower than the speeds
at which the network devices on your local network run at.
However, many home and business networks have old, tired network components that bottleneck
your actual Internet speeds below what the Internet provider is providing at the broadband modem
which is actually available at the Internet "point of entry" .
To prevent the components of your local network (routers, switches, powerline links, etc.)
from bottlenecking the Internet bandwidth that your Internet Service Provider (ISP) provides you,
measure the Internet bandwidth speeds and the local area network speeds at various locations
in your Local Area Network (LAN)
as described in
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/bottlenecks/bottlenecks.pdf





Computer Pros SIG
Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
12-18-2020
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-28-2018
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
08-01-2018


Free Apps for "Windows 10" by Jere Minich
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/Minich/FreeAppsforWin10-Minich.pdf

Microsoft Defender Antivirus" by Jere Minich
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/Minich/Microsoft Defender Antivirus-Minich.pdf

Password Managers by Jere Minich
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/Minich/Password Managers-Minich.pdf



Free Up The C: Drive in "Windows 10"
us explained at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/free-up-C-drive/win10-free-up-C-drive.pdf


General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
06-21-2021


Linux Distributions: Usage Share Versus distrowatch.com "Interest Level" Rankings
are explained at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/linuxsig/Linux-usage-share.pdf



"MX Linux" has risen to the top in "Interest Level" according to "Distrowatch.com":
"MX Linux" is a "mid-weight" distribution("distro") that runs faster and is much easier to configure and use
relative to the other popular "distros" of Linux.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/linuxsig/MX-Linux/MX-Linux-basics.pdf


General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
01-18-2021


WIPING "WINDOWS.." HARD DRIVES TO PREPARE THEM FOR DONATION OR GIFTING
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/wipe-free-space/hard-drive-wiping.pdf:
If you want to give away a computer and/or it's hard drive,
you have a choice of whether to give away the hard drive with the computer.
If you decide to give away the hard drive with the computer, you have to decide if you want to give away the legal copy of Windows.. on the hard drive. If you want to give away the legal copy of Windows.. that is on a hard drive,
then you also need to remove your data files and photos and then "wipe free space"
on the hard drive to make sure that the recipient of the computer
cannot recover any data files are lurking in the "free space" of the hard drive.



The "uninstaller" wizards that are bundled with most "Desktop apps"
(that "Programs and Features" in the Control Panel utilizes to remove software)
leave all sorts of junk in both your Registry of "Windows.." and on your C: hard drive:
To do a really clean uninstall of a "desktop app" or a "Universal Windows Platform app"
in a "Windows.." computer,
use the free "Revo Uninstaller Portable" program.

See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/uninstaller/RevoUninstallerPortable.pdf


Meeting of the
PCBUG-Naples Technology User Group
on
06-17-2021
and
Windows 10 / Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
11-21-2019




"Windows 11" activation and "Windows 10" activation is way different from any version of "Windows.." prior to "Windows 10"!!
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win11/activation/win11&10activation.pdf

If you use a purchased a "Windows 10 product key" to activate a newly-installed or upgraded copy of "Windows 10",
you will still have a "Digital License".
If you use a Windows 7 or 8 or 8.1 product key to activate a newly-installed or upgraded copy of "Windows 10",
you get also get a "Digital License".

If you link your Microsoft Account to your Windows account,
you get the ability to use the "Activation Troubleshooter"
in "Windows 10" to activate after changing out your computer's motherboard.
However, you then have to log into "Windows 10" with your "Microsoft Account".
If you go back to logging into "Windows 10" with a "Local Account",
you lose your ability to use the "Windows 10 Activation Troubleshooter" to change your computer's motherboard.



Activation for product versions of "Windows.." prior to "Windows 10.." is much more complex
as explained at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/windows-activation.pdf



The activation process for "Windows 10.." differs depending on the "Product Key Channel"
that a specific copy of "Windows 10.." is sold from.
For the end-user of a "Windows 10.." computer, their are three possible "Product Key Channels":
Retail channel,
OEM_DM channel
(= "Original Equipment Manufacturer_Direct to Manufacturer")
and
OEM_COA_NSLP channel
(="Original Equipment Manufacturer_Certificate of Authenticity_Non-System Locked Pre-installation"
= "OEM System Builder")
For details on how each one of these "channels" result in an activated "instance" of "Windows 10",
see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/activation/win10-channels.pdf
where we explain that the 25-character "Activation Keys" that are stored in the Registry in "Windows 10.."
are of no actual use to the user of a "Windows 10.." computer.
For organizations that buy lots of copies of "Windows..", there are two volume licensing channels:
"Volume_MAK" channel (= "Multiple Activation Key")
and
"Volume_KMS" channel (="Key Management Services")


Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Costa Mesa
California
on
03-20-2019



00-Client Hyper-V: Basics and Overview
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/Hyper-V/00-Hyper-V-basics.pdf

01-Client Hyper-V: Installing the Hyper-V Virtual Machine Program
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/Hyper-V/01-InstallingHyper-V.pdf

02-Client Hyper-V: Installing "Windows 10" Enterprise Evaluation" into a Virtual Machine
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/Hyper-V/02-InstallingWin10EEintoHV.pdf

03-Client Hyper-V: Using "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation" As a Guest Operating System in a Virtual Machine
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/Hyper-V/03-UsingWin10EEinVMinHV.pdf




Using the Free "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation":
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10enteval.pdf

To extend the trial duration of "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation"
for a second 90-day time span

see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/extendingwin10eval.pdf



General Meeting
of the
Brookdale Computer
Users Group

on
10-26-2017
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
10-04-2017

WAYS TO RUN REALLY OLD SOFTWARE PROGRAMS
INSIDE YOUR "WINDOWS 10.." OR "WINDOWS 7.." COMPUTER

see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/win10/old-software.pdf



USING "VMWARE WORKSTATION PLAYER"
TO RUN A FREE, TIME-LIMITED COPY OF "WINDOWS 10.."
IN A "VIRTUAL MACHINE"
INSIDE THE FREE "VMWARE WORKSTATION PLAYER" PROGRAM
INSIDE A REAL "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER:


"Big Step 100": Install the free "VMware Workstation Player" program into a "Windows.." host computer,
see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/vmware-1-installing.pdf

"Big Step 200": Create a new "virtual machine"
by using the "VMware Workstation Player" program
,
see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/vmware-2-createVM.pdf

"Big Step 300": Install "Windows.."into a "virtual machine" ,
see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/vmware-3B-install-Win10EntEval.pdf

"Big Step 400": Install "VMware Tools" into a "Windows.." "virtual machine" ,
see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/
vmware-4B-install-VMwareTools-to-Win10.pdf




Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
03-20-2019

Using A Cell Phone to Provide a Video Camera for a Computer:

See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cell-tether-plus-cam-for-Win.pdf




Using "Skype" As a "NannyCam":
You can set up a computer with a copy of Skype that auto-answers the calls that you make
to it
as described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Skype/Skype-auto-answer.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-12-2014


RESOLVING SOUND ISSUES IN "WINDOWS.."

"Windows 10", "Windows 8.1", and "Windows 7" computers
have many sound-enabled devices that automatically re-configure themselves as "default"
when you do not want them to do so.
Our explanation of how you can tame this "beast"
is available at
http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier /win-sound.pdf

Some computer sound equipment that I recommend
is described at
http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/computer-sound-equipment.pdf



General Meeting
of the
Madison PC Users Group
on
02-10-2021
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-06-2017


Extending USB 2, USB 3, and USB C with active extension cables:
Active USB extension cables have chipsets at the equipment end and sometimes in the middle of the cable.
These chipsets clean up and regenerate the digital USB signals to prevent errors from occuring.
If you have USB 3 devices such as
USB 3 Webcams
USB 3 flash drives
USB 3 Ethernet adapters
USB 3 over-the-air TV tuners
or cell phones that act like USB Ethernet adapters for tethering,
do not connect them to active USB 2 cables.
USB 3 devices will often cause active USB 2 extension cables to overheat.
Instead, connect USB 3 devices to active USB 3 extension cables. See
http://aztcs/meeting_notes/winhardsig/USB3/USB-extending.pdf



USB 3 extension cables work fine for extending USB 2 devices
such as USB keyboards, USB mice, USB Webcams, USB 2 flash drives, USB 2 external hard drives,
and USB 2 external hard drive enclosures with a standardized total cable length of 5 meters
written into the USB 2 standards and a standardized total cable length of 3 meters (9.8 feet)
that was originally written into the USB 2 standards.
However, for USB 3 external hard drives, USB 3 external hard drive enclosures,
and other USB 3 devices,
you will have to determine if a specific USB 3 device
works with a specific total length of USB 3 extension cable
and a specific USB 3 port on your computer or USB 3 hub.
To do so, you can use the free "USBTreeView" program to view the stablity
and signalling rate of a specific USB 3 external hard drive or a specific USB 3 hard drive enclosure.
To download "USBTreeView", go to the bottom of the Web page at
http://www.uwe-sieber.de/usbtreeview_e.html

"USBTreeView" is especially useful for detecting problems with USB 3 ports and USB 3 devices:
When you have a USB 3 device attached to a USB 3 port and the port type changes from "3.0" to "2.0"
or a USB 3 device disappears from view entirely, a failure of the attached USB 3 devices,
or the connecting USB 3 cable or the USB 3 port is imminent.
You can determined which of these three items is about to fail by substituting with a "known good" USB 3 port,
a "known good" (or shorter) USB 3 cable, or a "known good" USB 3 device.



You can follow the Wi-Fi Alliance's certifications process for "Wi-fi 6E" 6 Gigahertz RF band products
as they move from development to actual retail shipments.

See
http://aztcs/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi6E-certifications.pdf

Wi-Fi 6E will alleviate RF congestion by providing new channels in the 6 Gigahertz radio band:
http://aztcs/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi6E.pdf

Wi-Fi 6 versus Wi-Fi 5 versus 802.11n versus Gigabit Ethernet:
http://aztcs/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi6vs5vs4vsGigEnet.pdf



Using the free "Speedtest.net" apps or Website to measure Internet Speeds
To Remediate Bottlenecks In Your Local Network:


Your broadband Internet download and upload speeds will usually be much slower than the speeds
at which the network devices on your local network run at.
However, many home and business networks have old, tired network components that bottleneck
your actual Internet speeds below what the Internet provider is providing at the broadband modem
which is actually available at the Internet "point of entry" .
To prevent the components of your local network (routers, switches, powerline links, etc.)
from bottlenecking the Internet bandwidth that your Internet Service Provider (ISP) provides you,
measure the Internet bandwidth speeds and the local area network speeds at various locations
in your Local Area Network (LAN)
as described in
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/bottlenecks/bottlenecks.pdf





Computer Pros SIG
Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
12-18-2020
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-28-2018
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
08-01-2018


"Google accounts" and YouTube "..channels":
To make the most effective use of a YouTube channel,
you need to know the relationships between "Google accounts", Google "Brand accounts",
and the two types of YouTube "channels".
See

http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Google/Google&YouTube.pdf

East-Central Ohio Technology Users Club
on
01-17-2021
and
Columbus Computer Society
on
01-20-2021



In "Windows 10..", Microsoft has gradually "deprecated" the ability for you to use "netplwiz" or "control userpasswords2" or "regedit" to make "Windows 10." log in automatically.
At the present time, the only reliable way to make "Windows 10.." log in in automatically during a power-on bootup or a restart is to use Microsoft's "Autologon" utility
which can be obtained at
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sysinternals/downloads/autologon


Windows../
Hardware segment of the General Meeting of
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
01-18-2021
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
06-06-2018
and
03-07-2018
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
Feb. 24, 2018


CLOUD STORAGE SERVICES
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cloudstorage/cloudstorage.pdf



USING THE "GOOGLE DRIVE" CLOUD STORAGE SERVICE
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cloudstorage/GoogleDrive.pdf

USING THE "ONEDRIVE" CLOUD STORAGE SERVICE
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cloudstorage/OneDrive.pdf

USING THE "DROPBOX" CLOUD STORAGE SERVICE
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cloudstorage/Dropbox.pdf

USING THE "BOX" CLOUD STORAGE SERVICE
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cloudstorage/Box.pdf

USING THE "SYNC.COM" CLOUD STORAGE SERVICE
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cloudstorage/Sync.com.pdf




The "uninstaller" wizards that are bundled with most "Desktop apps"
(that "Programs and Features" in the Control Panel utilizes to remove software)
leave all sorts of junk in both your Registry of "Windows.." and on your C: hard drive:
To do a really clean uninstall of a "desktop app" or a "Universal Windows Platform app"
in a "Windows.." computer,
use the free "Revo Uninstaller Portable" program.

See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/uninstaller/RevoUninstallerPortable.pdf

Meetings
of the
PC Community Computer Users Group
at
Hayward
in
California, USA
on
01-08-2021
and
07-16-2019
and
General Meeting
of
Wisconsin All-computer Users Club
of
Milwaukee
on
09-03-2020
and
Meeting of the
Under the Computer Hood Users Group
on
08-05-2020 and
Four Seasons
Computer and
Technology Club
in
Beaumont,
California
on
05-12-2020
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
05-21-2020
and
Meeting
of the
Villages Computer Club
at
Lynx Creek
at
Dewey, AZ
on
07-16-2019
and
General Meeting
of the
Sarasota Technology Users Group
on
07-10-2019
and
General Meeting
of the
Sun City
Shadow Hills
Computer Club

on
03-04-2016
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-08-2016


LEARNING RESOURCES FOR SENIORS
by Hewie Poplock

See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/2020-12-21/LearningResourcesForSeniorsTucsonComputerSociety.pdf
and
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/2020-12-21/LearningResourcesforTucsonComputerSociety.pdf
A "YouTube" video recording of this presentation is available at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KbBxJPcnYl4


General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
12-21-2019




Using a "Homesoap" ultraviolet device to disinfect your possibly-contaminated devices and money:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Disinfecting/Homesoap.pdf


Window 10 / Hardware SIG Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
04-23-2019



Image Backups of Hard Drives in "Windows.." Computers

Our objective advice about image backups and restores for internal hard drives of Windows.. computers
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/utils/image-backup/image-backup.pdf




You can use the free "Macrium Reflect Free" program to make "hard drive backup images"
which can then be used at a future time to do "bare metal restores" of the internal hard hard drive
of a Windows.. computer
Our step-by-step instructions
are available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/utils/MacriumReflectFree.pdf


Window 10 / Hardware SIG Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
04-23-2019



Free Photo Editing Apps for "Windows..", "macOS", "iOS", "iPadOS", "Android", and "..Linux.."
are described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/photoediting-free-basics.pdf

Adjustments for Improving Digital Photos
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/photoedit-adjustments.pdf

Photo Editing Apps: A Rigorous Evaluation Process"
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/photoedit-eval.pdf

Photo Editing Apps for "Windows..": A Capabilities Comparison
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/photoedit-free-Win10-compare.pdf

Microsoft's "Photos" App
can be used without cost since it is bundled in any "Windows 10.." computer
as described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/Photos-app-in-Win10.pdf

Google's "Google Photos"
can be used without cost in any "Windows 10" computer as described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/GooglePhotos.pdf



FREE "GOOGLE PHOTOS" TRAINING ON SAT. NOV. 7
Sign up to reserve a virtual seat at this online "Zoom" training session now.
Go to
https://apcug2.org/apcugs-free-2020-fall-virtual-technology-conference-vtc38/
OR
if you cannot attend this session on Saturday,
you can view the (future) video of this training session
when I publish it at
http://youtube.com/fchao2
or a few weeks later at when we publish it at
http://youtube.com/apcugvideos




Adobe's "Adobe Photoshop Express"
can be used without cost in any "Windows 10" computer as described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/AdobePhotoshopExpress.pdf

"IrfanView"
is a very useful free program as described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/Irfanview.pdf

"GIMP"
is a very powerful program that is also free as described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/GIMP.pdf



Creating JPG Photo Files versus Creating RAW Photo Files
is described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/photoedit-jpg-vs-raw.pdf



"Adobe Photoshop Elements 2020"
is a very powerful program that is not free as described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/AdobePhotoshopElements.pdf



General Meeting
of
Wisconsin All-computer Users Club
of
Milwaukee
on
11-05-2020



The "Macally Silent Mouse" is the quietest wired mouse that we have ever used:
See
https://www.amazon.com/Macally-Windows-Desktop-Computer-Compact/dp/B07HGSKRMG?ref_=ast_sto_dp



For advice on configuring routers,
see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/routers/routers-configuring.pdf


Meeting
of the
Winners WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
June 23, 2018
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
08-01-2018


USB-C

USB-C ports started showing up in computers about 4 years ago.
A "USB-C" port is an ovoid rectangle that is about one quarter the size
of a USB 3 Type A port.
However, it is actually a USB 2 port, a USB 3.1 port, a Thunderbolt 3 port, an HDMI port, an audio port,
a Displayport port, a charging-only port or any combination of the previously-listed port types.
The exact capabilities of any specific USB-C port in any specific computer that you buy
will be determined by the manufacturer of the computer.
These wonderful new features or horrible complexities (depending on your point of view) are explained at
http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/USB3/USB-C.pdf



USB-C's "Audio Adapter Accessory Mode":
USB-C's "Audio Adapter Accessory Mode" allows USB-C ports to accept audio signals
from wired headsets that have TRS plugs or a TRRS plug
when an "Audio Adapter Accessory Mode" converter is used
to connect the TRS/TRRS plug(s) of the analog headset to the host's USB-C port.
This capability is used on some of the less-expensive Android cell phones.
This analog signal mode for USB-C is explained at
http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/USB3/USB-C-AudioAdapterAccMode.pdf

Thunderbolt 3 devices are not always plug-and-play:
You sometimes have to fire up the "Thunderbolt" app in a computer
and click on a problematic "Thunderbolt" device to turn it on.
If you do not know this, you might get the impression
that a newly-inserted Thunderbolt 3 device is defective.
For step-by-step instructions on how to jump-start a problematic Thunderbolt 3 device, please see
http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/USB3/Thunderbolt3fix.pdf


Meeting of the
Under the Computer Hood Users Group
on
08-05-2020 and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-06-2017


BACKGROUND CHECKS USING THE INTERNET
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/background-checks/background-checks.pdf:
The Web of the Internet is now a wonderful way to do background research on people.
However the various Web sites that do these checks are fraught with attempts to trick
you into spending more money than you had planned to spend!

Many of the background-checking services on the Web block your access to them
by using either aggressive pop-up ads and/or "pay walls",
For some of these Web sites, you can block their pop-up ads and some of their "pay walls"
by using the free pop-up and ad blocker in the "Opera" Web browser.
Our step-by-step instructions for installing the "Opera" Web browser and activating it's free pop-up and ad blocker
are located at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/background-checks/Opera-install.pdf:

OUR ADVICE ON BACKGROUND CHECKS FOR LANDLORDS AND PROPERTY MANAGERS
WHO ARE RENTING OR LEASING REAL ESTATE PROPERTY
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/background-checks/background-checks-landlord.pdf:



General Meeting
of
Wisconsin All-computer Users Club
of
Milwaukee
on
07-2-2020
and
Windows 10 / Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
11-21-2019




Video Editing Apps: Basic Information for a "Windows.." Computer
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/videoedit/videoedit-basics.pdf

Video Editing Apps: A Rigorous Evaluation Process"
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/videoedit/video-edit-eval.pdf

Media Files For Testing Video Editing Apps
are described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/videoedit/videoedit-media-files.pdf

The actual media files that we used are available as a ZIP file at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/videoedit/SampleMediaFiles.zip

Microsoft's Bundled "Video Editor" App
can be used without cost in any "Windows 10" computer as described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/videoedit/Video-Editor-app-in-Win10.pdf

NCH's "Videopad" app
is a very powerful program that is free for non-commercial home use as described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/videoedit/VideoPad.pdf

"Adobe Premiere Elements 2020"
is a very powerful program that is not free as described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/videoedit/AdobePremiereElements.pdf


General Meeting of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
02-17-2020


A detailed overview of
FREE SOFTWARE FOR A "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/software-free.pdf




A detailed description of the
FOUR TYPES OF APPS IN A "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/program-types-win.pdf:



Program Meeting
of the
Rochester Computer Society
on
11-12-2019




Maintaining and Repairing Hard Drives for "Windows.." Computers:

When confronted with hard drive problems, you should perform low-risk, less invasive procedures first,
followed by increasingly aggressive, higher risk procedures.
As you perform these increasingly invasive procedures, you will either repair the hard drive
and return it to service or at some point you might decide that it is beyond economical repair:

Soft Repairs for Hard Drives in Windows.. Computers

Always Click on "Cancel" when an "Initialize Disk" box pops up
(unless you have just attached an unformatted hard drive or USB flash drive device to your computer)


Maintenance and Repair Strategy

"Error-checking" in "Windows.." to Resolve Bad Clusters

"Soft Repairs" with Utilities in Linux

Data Recovery with Utilities in Linux




Recovering Data Files From Failed Hard Drives:

If the above procedures fail to restore the hard drive and the hard drive has data
that you or the end-user deem worth spending one to five thousand dollars to recover,
you can obtain professional data recovery assistance
which is the most expensive option for recovering data files from a failed hard drives.
This data recovery option involves the shipping of the hard drive to a clean room operation
where they open it up, read each platter in specialized equipment.
Then they use their proprietary computers to reconstruct the data files on the hard drive.
Then they ship the recovered data back to you on external hard drives or DVD-R discs.
See:
Surviving a home data disaster: How Shirley got her files back
and
Driversavers is a cleanroom service for recovering data from failed hard drives
Our Tucson Computer Society member Harry Elver can can provide you with the "Drivesavers" services
at a discount!

See also
http://www.repairtucsoncomputer.com/data-recovery-tucson/data-recovery-tucson.html
and
http://www.datarecovery.net/
and
Arizona Data Recovery

Differing Capabilities of Different Distros of Linux

Repairing a Corrupted Recycle Bin in "Windows.."




Radical "Surgery" to Extend the Life of Failed Hard Drives:

If you are unable to recover the data files from a failed hard drive and it's platters are still spinning,
you can sometimes use "Disk Management" in "Windows" to create partitions
to "block out" the bad sections of the hard drive,
in order to extend the userful life of the hard drive.
See
Perform Radical Surgery on a Hard Drive in Order to Extend Its Useful Service Life



Windows 10 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
09-04-2019

10: STREAMING MEDIA: BASICS, CAPTURE, AND SCREEN RECORDING
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/10-streaming_basics.pdf

11: LEGAL ISSUES OF MEDIA CAPTURE AND SCREEN RECORDING
OF STREAMING MEDIA

is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/11-streaming-legal_issues.pdf

12: ENDLESS STREAMING MEDIA
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/12-streaming-endless.pdf

13: SINGLE FILE STREAMING
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/13-streaming_single_file.pdf

14: STREAMING SEQUENTIAL CHUNKS
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/14-streaming_chunks.pdf

20: MEDIA CAPTURE (AT THE NETWORK STACK)
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/20-media_capture.pdf

21: "TORTURE TEST" FOR "MEDIA CAPTURE" SOFTWARE
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/21-media_capture_test.pdf

31: "SCREEN RECORDING" WHEN "MEDIA CAPTURE" IS BLOCKED"
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/31-screen_recording.pdf

41: "MEDIA CAPTURE" VERSUS "SCREEN RECORDING"
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/41-media_capture_vs_screen_recording.pdf




101: "REPLAY CAPTURE SUITE" PROGRAMS
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/101-ReplayCaptureSuite-progs.pdf

102: "APPLIAN DIRECTOR"
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/102-ApplianDirector.pdf

103: "REPLAY MEDIA CATCHER" --OVERVIEW
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/103-ReplayMediaCatcher-overview.pdf

104: USING "STREAM DOWNLOADER" IN "REPLAY MEDIA CATCHER" FOR "MEDIA CAPTURE"
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/104-ReplayMediaCatcher-media_capture.pdf

105: USING "DIGITAL VIDEO RECORDER" IN "REPLAY MEDIA CATCHER"
FOR LIMITED "SCREEN RECORDING""

is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/105-ReplayMediaCatcher-screen_record.pdf

106: "REPLAY VIDEO CAPTURE" FOR FULL-FEATURED "SCREEN RECORDING"
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/106-ReplayVideoCapture.pdf

107: REPLAY MUSIC
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/107-ReplayMusic.pdf

108: REPLAY RADIO
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/108-ReplayRadio.pdf

108A: REPLAY RADIO --STRUGGLES
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/108A-ReplayRadio-struggles.pdf

109: VIDEO PADLOCK
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/109-VideoPadlock.pdf

110: REPLAY CONVERTER
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/110-ReplayConverter.pdf

111: REPLAY MEDIA SPLITTER
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/111-ReplayMediaSplitter.pdf

112: REPLAY TELECORDER
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/112-ReplayTelecorder.pdf




60: FREE ALTERNATIVE PROGRAMS INSTEAD OF THE "REPLAY CAPTURE SUITE"
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/60-Free_alt_software-instead-of-Replay.pdf

72: FREE "MEDIA CAPTURE" WITH THE "aTube Catcher" PROGRAM
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/72-free-media-capture-aTube.pdf

81: FREE "SCREEN RECORDING" WITH THE "iSpring Free Cam" PROGRAM
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/81-free-screen-record-iSpring.pdf




201: MacOS SCREEN RECORDING AND MEDIA CAPTURE
is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/media/201-MacScreenRecordandMediaCapture.pdf



Meeting
of
Wisconsin All-computer Users Club
of
Milwaukee

on
07-11-2019
and
Meeting
of
CPUser Group
of
Pennsylvania

on
06-11-2019
and
Meeting
of the
Winners
Windows
Users

of
Irvine,
California
on
09-29-2018
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-05-2018

We have discovered that you can build a much more reliable "external hard drive"
by buying and the assembling the following parts, which are sold separately.
If you "home brew" your own external hard drives, you will also save money
relative to the cost of buying either an external hard drive enclosure or buying an external hard drive.
Here are the parts that you need to buy:
An internal SATA hard drive,
a fan assembly that bolts onto the internal SATA hard drive,
and
a SATA-to-USB 3.x adapter.
Our how-to instructions for "growing your own" external hard drives
or external hard drive enclosures
can be found at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/external/external-hard-drives.pdf

When they break, most external USB hard drives can be repaired or recovered from
if you follow the brilliant technical advice
at
https://discussions.apple.com/docs/DOC-6121

When a part inside an external hard drive or an external SSD breaks,
you can save money and end up with a more reliable device if you substitute quality third-party parts
as described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/external/Parts-for-external.pdf

You can use the free and non-intrusive "CrystalDiskInfoPortable" to check the S.M.A.R.T. readings
for most internal and external hard drives
as described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/CrystalDiskInfoPortable.pdf


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-05-2018
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
04-28-2018


If you purchase or build an external USB or SATA or eSATA hard drive:
you can use the same external USB hard drive in two ways at the same time:
First, you can use free software to store "backup drive images" on the external hard drive
and
secondly, you can use the external USB hard drive to store important data files in their regular native format.




You can use the free and non-intrusive "CrystalDiskInfo"
to check the S.M.A.R.T. readings for most internal and external hard drives
as described at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/CrystalDiskInfoPortable.pdf




Using the free "Speedtest.net" apps or Website to measure Internet Speeds
To Remediate Bottlenecks In Your Local Network:


Your broadband Internet download and upload speeds will usually be much slower
than the speeds at which the network devices on your local network run at.
However, many home and business networks have old, tired network components
that bottleneck your actual Internet speeds below what the Internet provider is providing
at the broadband modem at the Internet "point of entry" .
To prevent the components of your local network (routers, switches, powerline links, etc.)
from bottlenecking the Internet bandwidth that your Internet Service Provider (ISP) provides you,
measure the Internet bandwidth speeds and the local area network speeds at various locations
in your Local Area Network (LAN)
as described in
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/bottlenecks/bottlenecks.pdf




Getting into the UEFI (formerly called BIOS) configuration screens in "Windows 10":

Two ways to get into the UEFI configuration screens in "Windows 10":

METHOD ONE:
Use the computer manufacturer's proprietary key sequence during the power up of the computer.


METHOD TWO:
Use the buttons inside the "Settings" function inside "Windows 10.." as follows:

Use the left mouse button to click on the "Start button".
The "Start Menu" will show up.
Click on the "Settings" icon. (It looks like a gear wheel.)
Click on "Update & Security".
Click on "Recovery".
Click on "Advanced startup".
Click on the "Restart now" button.
Click on "Troubleshoot--Reset your PC or see advanced options".
Click on "Advanced options".
Click on "UEFI Firmware Settings".
Click on "Restart".



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-28-2018
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
08-01-2018


Free Online Training for "Windows.." Computers:

Hundreds of hours of free training and technical advice can be obtained online
with an Internet-connected "Windows" computer. The online training is almost as
good as training in a traditional classroom setting. Most computer users get the
best training experience by combining instructor-led classroom training and
online self-directed training since the two modes of training reinforce each other.
To access our categorized folders of training hyperlinks,
please follow the instructions at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/training/training.pdf
for access our archive which is actually located at
https://www.box.com/shared/ff0p9m41h0




Free Online Training for Apple "MacOS" Computers:

Dozens of hours of free training and technical advice can be obtained online
with an Internet-connected "MacOS" computer. The online training is almost as
good as training in a traditional classroom setting. Most computer users get the
best training experience by combining instructor-led classroom training and
online self-directed training since the two modes of training reinforce each other.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/apple/apple.htm




Meeting of the
Seniors
Computer
Group
of
San Diego

on
09-15-2018
and
Joint Meeting of the
Potomac Area
Technology
and
Computer
Society

and the
Osher
Lifelong
Learning
Institute
Computer
User Group

on
01-19-2013


Some of our tricks for connecting hard drives to Windows.. and Linux computers are shown
at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/tricks/harddrivetricks.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
04-04-2018



Most power supplies in Windows and Linux desktop computers conform to
or are close to adhering to Intel's ATX and ATX 12V standards.
For our advice on replacing ATX.. power supplies,
see

http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/ATX/ATX-PS.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-07-2018
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
Feb. 24, 2018
and


For our advice on how you can fix "Windows Update" in a "Windows 7" computer,
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/WindowsUpdate/Win7UpdateFix.pdf


For our advice on how you can fix "Windows Update" in a "Windows 10" computer,
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/WindowsUpdate/Win10UpdateFix.pdf


For our advice on how you can fix "Windows Update" in a "Windows 8.1" computer,
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/WindowsUpdate/Win8.1UpdateFix.pdf



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
01-27-2018
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
02-07-2018



Testing Malware and Malware Defenses:

Do not use a production computer.

Make a throwaway copy of a virtual machine that has the same operating system as your production computer.

Use this throwaway virtual machine for your testing of the suspected malware

Disconnect the default virtual "Network Address Translation" router from the test virtual machine.

Attach a USB Gigabit Ethernet or Wi-Fi network adapter to your real, host computer.

Connect the USB Gigabit Ethernet or Wi-Fi network adapter
to the less secure "DMZ" router in a two or three router network configuration.

Start the test virtual machine.

Connect the test virtual machine to the USB Gigabit Ethernet or Wi-Fi network adapter.

Play the devils advocate and launch the malware or the suspected malevolent Web site.

See if the computer gets infected.

If the computer gets infected, see if you can remove the infection
with online scanners listed at
"How do I get rid of malware?"
at
https://support.mozilla.org/en-US/kb/troubleshoot-firefox-issues-caused-malware?cache=no



Super Secure Web Surfing with a Virtual Machine and a Two-Router "DMZ" Configuration At Your Home or Business:

SECURE WEB ACCESS WITH A "VMWARE" VIRTUAL MACHINE AND A TWO-ROUTER "DE-MILITARIZED ZONE" (DMZ)


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
11-01-2017
and
04-05-2017




The United States' Federal government information resource for identity theft is located at https://www.usa.gov/identity-theft




Identifying and Managing Suspicious Email Messages
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/email/email-suspicious.pdf

To check out suspicious buttons and hyperlinks at Web sites and in email
to see the URL that the button or hyperlink is trying to take you to.
You might have to turn on the bottom status bar
and/or maximize the browser or email Window in order to see the bottom status bar.
Use the "Task Manager" in "Windows.." to close down a stuck or suspicious browser display
by either pressing Ctrl + Shift + Esc or right-clicking on unused space on the Task Bar
and then selecting "Task Manager".

Use the "Force Quit" function in MacOS by pressing
Command + Option + Esc
in MacOS to close down a stuck or suspicious browser display.


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-06-2017
and
04-05-2017


Email Basics

Email--Advanced Techniques

"Google Takeout" Website Allows You to Download All of Your Gmail
Into a Single Mbox File




Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
08-26-2017
and
Main
Meeting
of the
North
Orange
County
Computer Club

on
08-06-2017
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
08-02-2017


For our advice on how you can silence your noisy computer,
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/computer-noise/computer-noise.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
05-27-2017
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
06-07-2017


The computer industry's "elegant solution" to secure remote access is called
"Virtual Private Network" (VPN).

Almost every medium-to-large sized company, government entity,
and not-for-profit institution including educational institutions
uses privately-created and privately-hosted VPNs
to provide employees, students, and contractors
with remote access to their internal and cloud-based computer resources.

VPNs were originally intended to provide secure remote access
into local area network resources such as servers, printers, and mainframes.

This technology has been adapted for private computer users as
"VPN services":

"VPN services" give you an extra measure of security by protecting you
from the more common hacks such as "man in the middle" spying,
"Evil Twin" wireless access points,
and WiFi over-the-air recordings with free tools such as "WireShark".

"VPN services" reduce most of the risk of using public Internet access
by encrypting the near end of the Internet connection--
where you first connect to a public Internet service.

However, with the exception of the VPN that is part of the "Opera 40" Web browser,
all "VPN services" reduce data throughput
relative to what a "raw" Internet connection is capable of.

The terms "VPNs" and "VPN Services" are often used interchangeably
so you have to figure out from the context in which these terms are used
to determine whether someone means
the original VPN (which is a secure remote connection into a Local Area Network"
or
a "VPN Service" (which is a secure remote connection into the Internet
which uses a local area network as an intermediary).




Web Sites For Testing Virtual Private Network Services:

http://whatismyipaddress.com/

http://www.ip2location.com/

http://www.tracemyip.org/

http://showip.net/

http://www.iplocationfinder.com/

https://www.dnsleaktest.com/

https://www.grc.com/x/ne.dll?bh0bkyd2




Using VPN Services As Temporary Workarounds For Slow Broadband Internet Access:

Sometimes you can use free VPN services as a temporary workaround
for download and upload slowdowns in broadband Internet access:
For example, Comcast cable modem Internet in the Tucson area was very slow
on Friday August 9, 2013 through Saturday August 10
with download and upload speeds so slow that they are unmeasurable.
When we used the free version of "Hotspot Shield" VPN
, we obtained usable Internet download speeds
above 20 Megabits per second and upload speeds above 1.5 Megabits per second
(via our Comcast cable modems located in Tucson).


Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
05-03-2017
and
10-05-2016
and
06-05-2013
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-24-2016
and
09-27-2014



World Maps that show in real time the light, dark, and twilight zones of the world are available as standalone programs and from various Web sites.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/clocks/geoclocks/geoclock_map.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
04-05-2017



Simple techniques for making your "Windows.." computer easier to use
are explained at

http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/win-easier1.pdf

A YouTube Video of the February 11, 2017 version of the above presentation
is available at
https://youtu.be/AbNTOcvkBNA





More-advanced techniques for making your "Windows.." computer easier to use
can be found
at

http://www.aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/win-easier2.pdf




Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
02-25-2017
and
Virtual
Technology
Conference 23
of the
Association
of PC
User Groups

(APCUG)
on
02-11-2017
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
04-01-2015



USB 3.1 versus USB 2 versus SATA versus eSATA:


Meeting of the
Under the Computer Hood Users Group
on
02-01-2017 and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
02-01-2017



Powershell in Windows..




Hard Drive Utilities





Getting into the UEFI configuration screens in "Windows 10":

Use the left mouse button to click on the "Start button".
The "Start Menu" will show up.
Click on the "Settings" icon. (It looks like a gear wheel.)
Click on "Update & security".
Click on "Recovery".
Click on "Restart now". (It is in the "Advanced startup" section.)
Clock on the Troubleshoot" button.
Click on the "Advanced options" button.
Click on "UEFI Firmware Settings" button.
Click on the "Restart" button.




Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
01-28-2017
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
02-01-2017


Our how-to documentation
on
"What to Do When Your Computer Will Not Boot--Part 1-The Basics"
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/will-not-boot/will-not-boot-part1.pdf



Virtual
Technology
Conference 22
of the
Association
of PC
User Groups

(APCUG)
on
11-05-2016
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
12-19-2015


Our how-to documentation
on
Computer Management in "Windows.."
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/computer-management/computer-management.pdf




Here are some rigorous, logically-ordered procedures for speeding up
any "Windows.." computer:

"Speeding Up Windows XP"

"Speeding Up Windows Vista"

"Speeding Up Windows 7"

"Speeding Up Windows 8 and Windows 8.1"

Speeding Up Windows 10"

In addition to the above version-specific procedures, the following procedure
applies to any "Windows.." computer:
"Turn Off Startup Programs to Speed Up Your Windows Computer"


Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
10-31-2015
and
06-28-2014
and
General Meeting
of the
Lake
Monticello
Computer
Users Group
(LMCUG)
on
01-10-2013
and
General Meetings
of the
PC Rams
Computer
Society

on
04-11-2012
and
03-14-2012 and
General Meeting
of the
Boca Raton
Computer
Society

on
12-21-2011
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG

of the
Tucson
Computer
Society

on
01-04-2012


Seat belt extenders can be used to secure objects in the passenger compartment
of a motor vehicle.
See
http://actcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/seat-belt-extenders/seat-belt-extenders.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-24-2016
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-02-2015


USB 3 versus USB 2 versus eSATA

Problems with USB 2 Devices Attached to USB 3 Ports

Testing USB Ports, Cables, and Devices

USB 3 Adapters For Adding USB Ports To An Existing Computer


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
04-25-2015
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
05-06-2015
and
General Meeting
of
Western
New York
Computer
Society

on
10-25-2011



Windows 10 Retail Pricing
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10-retail.pdf




"Windows 10" Activation
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10-activation.pdf




"Speeding Up Windows 10"
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/speedupWindows/win10speedup.pdf




Using the Free "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation":
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10enteval.pdf



General Meeting
of the
Los Angeles
Computer Society

on
07-12-2016
and
Meeting
of the
California
Southland
Chapter
of the
Association
of
Information
Technology
Professionals

(AITP)
on
10-28-2015
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
10-19-2015
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-25-2015
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
09-02-2015


For a general overview of free software and services from the Internet, please see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/free/free-software-services.pdf



Meeting
of the
Pikes Peak
Computer
Application
Society

on
07-02-2016
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
03-21-2011


Sample data files for testing office suite software:

samples-TCS.zip contains sample .doc, .docx, .xls, .XLSx, .ppt, and .pptx files

samples-Final.zip from OpenXMLDeveloper.org

sample_doc.file.doc

passworded_sample_doc.file.doc
(The password for opening this file is "password".
This file was created with "Microsoft Word 2002 SP3").

sample Powerpoint ppt file

sample Powerpoint PPSX slide show file


General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-21-2011

Our detailed advice about
Over-the-air reception
of
ATSC television
(="Cord Cutting")

is available at:
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/add-ons/TV/ATSC-OTA.pdf




iView's "Digital Converter Box" (model 3200STB)
is an ATSC tuner that sells for approximately $30.
To use it as a television set, you have to attach it to the following additional equipment:
An over-the-air VHF/UHF antenna,
a computer monitor that has a HDMI jack,
and a pair of computer speakers.
For details, see http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/add-ons/TV/iView_tuner.pdf


TV Inside your "Windows.." or "OS X" MAC Computer

TV Inside Your "Ubuntu" or "Linux Mint" Linux Computer



Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS
Computer
User Group

of
Irvine,
California
on
04-30-2016
and
03-26-2016
and
Windows 8.1 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
10-02-2013

Macs Versus "Windows.." Computers:

For an explanation of how Mac "OS X" computers differ from "Windows.." computers, see
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/mac/OSXvsWindows.pdf:

Basic Differences Between Macs and PCs
Models of Macs
Pricing of Macs
User Interface of Macs
Two Ways To Run "Windows.." Inside Macs


General Meeting
of the
Rochester Computer Society
on
04-12-2016




Our how-to document
on
"Using the Task Manager in a Windows Computer"
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Task_Manager/Task_Manager.pdf


Virtual
Technology
Conference 20
of the
Association
of PC
User Groups

(APCUG)
on
05-07-2016
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
11-28-2015


Circle.gif is a file for checking the aspect ratio for a computer monitor.



General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-21-2011


Our how-to documentation
on
"Moving Your Monitor-Keyboard-Mouse Farther Away From Your Computer"
is available at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Redmere/redmere-etc.pdf




USB 3 extension cables work fine for extending USB 2 devices
such as USB keyboards, USB mice, USB Webcams,
USB 2 flash drives, USB 2 external hard drives, and USB 2 external hard drive enclosures.

However, for USB 3 external hard drives and USB 3 external hard drive enclosures,
you will have to determine if a specific model works with a USB 3 extersion cable.
To do so, you can use the free "USBTreeView" program
to view the stablity and signalling rate of a specific USB 3 external hard drive
or a specific USB 3 hard drive enclosure.
To download "USBTreeView", go to the bottom of the Web page at

http://www.uwe-sieber.de/usbtreeview_e.html

Then read the rest of the Web page for instructions on using this useful software utility.
"USBTreeView" is especially useful for detecting problems with USB 3 ports
and USB 3 devices.


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-02-2015



Email in Windows 10
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10-email.pdf





General Meetings
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
10-19-2015
and on
09-21-2015
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-25-2015
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
09-02-2015



Malware often "hides" in hidden files and folders so please make sure
that your computer is displaying hidden files and file extensions
by following our procedure in how how-to document called
"Some Simple Techniques For Making 'Windows..' Easier To Use"
at
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/win-easier1.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California on
05-23-2015


Installing a PCie-type Controller Into a "Windows.." Computers:

You can procure and install a PCIe-type USB 3 controller card
to add USB 3 ports to either a "Windows.." computer that does not have any USB 3 ports
or to add more USB 3 ports to a "Windows.." computer.
See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/USB3/USB3-adapters.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
02-04-2015



ENERGY MANAGEMENT FOR YOUR "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER:
A COMPARISON OF SLEEP, HYBRID SLEEP, AND HIBERNATE:


See
http://aztcs.apcug.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/energy-mgt/energy-mgt-Wiin.pdf




Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
07-02-2014


Virtual Fax Machine inside Your Computer:

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM "WINDOWS.."

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM MAC "OS X"

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM "UBUNTU" GNU/LINUX



Windows 8.1 /
Hardware SIG
on
10-02-2013

Temporary Workarounds For Accessing Inaccessible Web Sites
With A Web Browser:


Sometimes you can use free or not-free Virtual Private Network (VPN) services
to tunnel around your broadband Internet provider's router throttling, blockages
and slowdowns.
Here in Tucson, Arizona, when our Comcast Cable broadband has slowdowns
in their Pima, Arizona router node,
we have a 50 percent chance of partially restoring our download and upload speeds
by using the free version of
"Hotspot Shield" to tunnel past this occasionally-problematic router node.

Sometimes when a Website is inaccessible with a Web browser,
we can temporarily access it using the Web site's IP address
instead of its regular URL address, as described in our "how-to" document entitled
Workarounds For Temporary DNS Failures On The World Wide Web.


Windows 8.1 /
Hardware SIG
on
09-04-2013

Email Basics


General Meeting
of the
Los Angeles
Computer Society

on
08-13-2013
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
06-17-2013
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
on
03-06-2013


Free Software and Free Online Storage Space


Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
on
08-07-2013
and
Virtual Technology Conference 8
of
APCUG
on
08-03-2013
and
General Meeting
on
06-17-2013
and
Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
on
06-05-2013

Virtual Fax Machine inside Your Computer:

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM MAC "OS X"

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM "UBUNTU" GNU/LINUX

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM "WINDOWS.."




Television inside Your Computer:

TV INSIDE YOUR "WINDOWS.." PC OR "OS X" MAC

TV INSIDE YOUR "UBUNTU" GNU/LINUX COMPUTER



Virtual Machines Inside Your Computer:

INSTALLING AND USING VIRTUAL MACHINES



Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
on
05-01-2013
and
Computer
Technology
Conference

on
04-04-2013

For some free printable rulers, see http://www.vendian.org/mncharity/dir3/paper_rulers/

(Do not set your printer for "fit to page" prior to printing these rulers!)


Windows 8 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
06-06-2012


Circle.gif is a file for checking the aspect ratio for a computer monitor.

"LillyPond" music notation and "engraving" software was recommended by Board
member Paul Scott.

"MuseScore" music notation software was recommended by Board member Paul
Scott.


General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-21-2011